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Title:

Breviary

Maker(s) &
Production:

, production, Germany, Cologne

Collection:

Frank McClean

Category:

illuminated manuscript

Name:

breviary; type of text

Date:

circa 1322 circa 1340

Period:

fourteenth century, first half

Description:

PHYSICAL DESCRIPTION: Parchment, ii paper flyleaves + i medieval parchment flyleaf (foliated i) + 6 Calendar leaves (foliated ii – vi) + 311 fols. + i medieval parchment flyleaf (foliated 312) + i paper flyleaf, 172 x 122 (116 x 74) mm, 2 columns, 26 lines, ruled in black ink, catchwords, musical notation on four-line staves ruled in black ink.

BINDING: sixteenth century, blind-stamped brown leather over wooden boards, sewn on 5 supports, central panel on upper cover with Christ standing, holding orb and blessing, with cross on his shoulder and devil at his feet, above and below panel P[AR]S HYEMA[LIS] 1577, on lower cover Sacrifice of Isaac with inscription DEUS TEMPTAVIT ABR[AHAM], border of roll ornaments, IUDIDIT (sic), EVA with a scull, IUSTITIA, Virgin and Child, one leather strap with meatal clasp (out of original three) on lower cover, one metal catchplate (out of original three) on upper cover.

CONTENTS: fols. ii – vii Calendar; fols. 1r – 95v Psalter with Antiphons; fols. 95v – 105r Canticles; fols. 105r – 106v Litany; fols. 107r – 120r Hymnal; fols. 120r – 126v Prayers and Collects; fols. 129r – 311r Temporal ending with Easter Eve.

DECORATION: Seventeen historiated initials [5 – 7 ll.] in white-patterned blue and pink with figures set against burnished gold grounds, and partial bar borders terminating in foliage and inhabited by animals, birds, and grotesques, at major text divisions: fol. 2r Psalm 1, [B, 6 ll.] David enthroned and playing harp; fol. 15v Psalm 26, [D, 6 ll.] man standing and pointing to eye; fol. 24v Psalm 38, [D, 6 ll.] man walking with staff over his shoulder; fol. 32v Psalm 51, [Q, 5 ll.] David seated holding sword and orb; fol. 33v Psalm 52, [D, 6 ll.] Fool with club eating cake; fol. 42r Psalm 68, [S, 6 ll.] Christ holding orb and blessing above David in water; fol. 52v Psalm 80, [E, 6 ll.] David playing bells; fol. 62v Psalm 97, [C, 6 ll.] two clerics singing at lectern; fol. 63v Psalm 101, [D, 5 ll.] cleric kneeling before altar; fol. 72v Psalm 109, [D, 6 ll.] Christ seated, holding orb and blessing; fol. 107r Hymnal, [O, 6 ll.] Throne of Mercy Trinity; fol. 109r Hymn for Advent, [C, 4 ll.] Christ as Logos and Creator; fol. 116v Hymn for All Saints, [I, 10 ll.] Christ with saints; fol. 117r Hymn for the Common of apostles, [E, 4 ll.] three apostles; fol. 129r Temporal, [E, 7 ll.] seated prophet with blank scroll; fol. 162v Christmas, [P, 7 ll.] Nativity; fol. 190r Epiphany, [S, 6 ll.] Adoration of the Magi.

ORNAMENTATION: Blue or pink white-patterned initials [3 ll.] filled with foliage, animals or human heads on gold grounds and extensions supporting or terminating in animals, birds, hybrids and foliage; alternate gold and blue initials [1 – 2 ll.] with violet or red pen-flourished infill and extensions, and gold and blue baguettes.

Technique(s):

illumination; whole
penwork

Material(s):

parchment; support
gold; medium

Dimension(s):

height
width

Acquisition:

bequeathed; 1904; McClean, Frank

Provenance:

Edwin Henry Lawrence; his sale, Sotheby’s, London, 9 – 12 May 1892, lot 537; purchased by Frank McClean (1837 – 1904); his bequest, 1904

Associated
Person(s):

McClean, Frank; previous owner
Lawrence, Edwin Henry; previous owner

Exhibition(s):

Illuminated Manuscripts in the Fitzwilliam Museum: An Exhibition to Commemorate the 150th Anniversary of the Death of the Founder, Richard, 7th Viscount Fitzwilliam of Merrion. 1966 - 1966
Organiser: The Fitzwilliam Museum, Cambridge (Cambs.), UK
Venue: The Fitzwilliam Museum
Catalogue number: 49

Documentation:

James, Montague Rhodes, Dr. 1912. A descriptive catalogue of the McClean Collection of Manuscripts in the Fitzwilliam Museum.Cambridge (Cambs.): Cambridge University Press
pp. 72 – 75, pl. XXVII

Wormald, Francis. Giles, Phyllis M.. 1966. Illuminated Manuscripts in the Fitzwilliam Museum: An Exhibition to Commemorate the 150th Anniversary of the Death of the Founder, Richard, 7th Viscount Fitzwilliam of Merrion.Cambridge (Cambs.):
cat. no. 49

1974. Vor Stefan Lochner: Die Kölner Maler von 1300 bis 1430.Cologne:
p. 136, no. 78

Plotzek, J. M.. 1987. Andachtsbucher des Mittelalters aus Privatbesitz.Cologne:
p. 87 – 88, no. 10

Avril, François. Rabel, C.. Delaunay, I.. 1995. Manuscrits enluminés d’origine germanique.Colmar, Paris:
pp. 165 – 66, no. 142

Morgan, Nigel. Panayotova, Stella. 2009. A Catalogue of Western Book Illumination in the Fitzwilliam Museum and the Cambridge Colleges. Part One. Vol. 1: The Frankish Kingdoms, Northern Netherlands, Germany, Bohemia, Hungary, Austria; Vol. II: The Meuse Region, Southern Netherlands.London: Harvey Miller/Brepols
cat. no. 79

Galley, E.. 1954. Eine Kölner Buchmalerwerkstatt aus der ersten Hälftedes 14 Jahrhunderts.
Source Title: Düsseldorfer Jahrbuch 46 () : 121-136

pp. 122, 124, 125, 134, 136

Accession:

Object Number: MS McClean 38
(Manuscripts and Printed Books)
(record id: 170703; input: 2010-02-05; modified: 2017-04-03)

Permanent
Identifier:

http://data.fitzmuseum.cam.ac.uk/id/object/170703