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Title:

Emancipation Badge

Maker(s) &
Production:

Wedgwood, Josiah, factory, English potter 1730-1795, England, Staffordshire, Etruria
Webber, Henry, designer, British sculptor, 1754-1826
Hackwood, William, modeler, modeller (c. 1757-1839)

Production
Note(s):

The medallion was designed by Henry Webber and modelled by William Hackwood, 1787.
The source of the design was the seal of the Society for the Abolition of the Slave Trade, founded in 1787. Wedgwood was on the Society's committee by February 1788. On 29 February 1788 he sent 400 of the small medallions to Benjamin Franklin in America. See Finer and Savage, Selected Letters, p. 311-2. He replied on 5 May 1788, (Yale University Library), see Elisabeth Bryden Adams, The Dwight and Lucille Beeson Wedgwood Collection in the Birmingham Museum of Art, Birmingham Ala-bama, 1992, p. 106, where quoted, and p. 174, note 79.

Category:

stoneware

Name(s):

badge
jasper ware; category

Date:

circa 1787

Period:

George III

Description:

Jasper, white with black relief. Circular with a chained slave, kneeling facing in profile to the right, and round the edge, the legend 'AM I NOT A MAN AND A BROTHER?'.

Technique:

moulded and applied; relief

Material:

jasper ware; whole; white and black

Technique
Description:

white jasper, with moulded and applied black relief

Dimension(s):

height, whole, 3.0, cm
width, whole, 2.8, cm

Acquisition:

given; 1962-11-29; Moore, G. E., Mrs

Provenance:

unknown before donor

Acquisition Credit:

Given by Mrs G. E. Moore

Inscription:

legend; round the edge; AM I NOT A MAN AND A BROTHER?; The legend occurs in a poem The Dying Negro written in 1773 by Thomas Day (1748-89).

Exhibition(s):

From Reason to Revolution, Art and Society in Eighteenth-Century Britain. 2007-10-23 - 2008-01-27
Organiser: The Fitzwilliam Museum, Cambridge (Cambs.), UK
Venue: Mellon Gallery

Documentation:

Dawson, Aileen. 1984. Masterpieces of Wedgwood in the British Museum.London: British Museum Pressp. 45
Cf. p. 45, and pl. 13, a rare larger caneware and black basalt medallion is in the British Museum

Phillips. 1998. Good European Ceramics, Glass and Enamels.London: Phillips

Blake Roberts, Gaye. 1984. Wedgwood in London, 225th Anniversary Exhibition 1759-1984.London: p. 36
Cf. p. 36, I 9, another large caneware and black basalt medallion in the Wedgwood Museum, Barlaston.

Rackham, Bernard. 1928. Victoria and Albert Museum Department of Ceramics, Catalogue of English Porcelain, Earthenware, Enamels and Glass collected by Charles Schreiber Esq., M.P., and the Lady Charlotte Elizabeth Schreiber, and presented to the Museum in 1884, Volume I, Porcelain.London: p. p. 105
Cf. A small white example in the Victoria and Albert Museum, see p. 105, no. 544, of the same size as the Fitzwilliam's.

Buten, David. 1980. 18th Century Wedgwood, A Guide for Collectors & Connoisseurs.London: p. 151
Cf. A small white example in the Mrs A. Goldsmith Collection, see p. 151, no. 144, h. 3.2 cm. He notes that early examples were unmarked.

Sotheby's. 1999. Important English Furniture, Ceramics and Decorations, 21st October 1999.London: Sotheby's Parke Bernetp. pp. 42-3
Cf. Lot 102, part. Medallion h. 3.2 cm. (1¼")

Adams, Elizabeth Bryding. 1992. The Dwight and Lucille Beeson Wedgwood Collection at the Birmingham Museum of Art.Birmingham, Alabama: p. 106, 174
Ref. p. 106 The source of the design was the seal of the Society for the Abolition of the Slave Trade, founded in 1787. Wedgwood was on the Society's committee by February 1788. On 29 February 1788 he sent 400 of the small medallions to Benjamin Franklin in America. He replied on 5 May 1788, (Yale University Library), see Adams, p. 106, where quoted, and p. 174, note 79.

Sotheby's New York. 2006. The Collections of Hanns and Elisabeth Weinberg and the Antique Company of New York, Important European Ceramics and Objects of Vertu.New York: Sotheby'sp. 54
Cf. p. 54, lot 76, an example mounted in gold later as a brooch. H. 3.2 cm. (1¼ in). Estimate $1,000-1,500.

Hamlett, Lydia. Robinson, Duncan. 2007. From Reason to Revolution, Art and Society in Eighteenth-Century Britain.Cambridge (Cambs.): The Fitzwilliam Museum
Publ. pl. 24

Bonhams. 2015-11-02. British and European Ceramics and Glass.London: Bonhams
Cf. Lot 81. Estimate £800-1,500.

Accession:

Object Number: C.45-1962
(Applied Arts)
(record id: 11477; input: 2000-08-30; modified: 2017-04-04)

Permanent
Identifier:

http://data.fitzmuseum.cam.ac.uk/id/object/11477





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