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In your search: geert

Title:

Hours and Prayerbook

Maker(s):

Grote, Geert; author
Doetinchem, Geertrudt van; scribe
; production

Collection:

Frank McClean

Category:

illuminated manuscript

Name(s):

book of hours; type of text
other; type of text

Period:

second quarter of 16th century

Description:

PHYSICAL DESCRIPTION: Parchment, iii contemporary parchment flyleaves + 119 fols. + ii contemporary parchment flyleaves, 167 x 123 (112 x 79) mm, 21 – 22 long lines, ruled in black ink.

BINDING: sixteenth century, blind-stamped brown leather over wooden boards, sewn on four supports, central panel with classical busts in medallions on upper and lower cover, traces of two leather straps on lower cover, two catchplates on upper cover, edges gilt and gauffered; repaired and rebacked.

CONTENTS: fols. 1r – 10r Calendar; fols. 12r – 36v Hours of the Virgin; fols. 38r – 41v Hours of the Cross; fols. 43r – 49r Penitential Psalms; fols. 49r – 52r Litany with collects; fol. 52r-v Prayers Als die clocke slaet, Totten name Jesus in die sonne, Tot Maria in die sonne; fols. 54r – 56v Morning prayers; fols. 56v – 57v St Bridget of Sweden, Exempla OR Exempel; fols. 58r – 64r Fifteen Oes;
fols. 64r – 71r Prayers on the Passion and at Mass; fols. 71v – 75v Prayers to the Trinity, Virgin and saints; fols. 77r – 81r Rosary; fols. 81r – 84v Seven Joys of the Virgin; fols. 84v – 85v Five Sorrows of the Virgin; fols. 87r – 91v Seven Psalms of the Virgin; fols. 91v – 94v Litany of the Virgin; fols. 94v – 95r Verses of St Bernard; fols. 95v –103r Devotion on the Crown of thorns; fols. 103r – 104r Prayers on the Sacrament; fols. 104v –112r Prayers to the Trinity, Apostles and All Saints; fols. 112v – 117r Communion prayers; fols. 117r – 118r Ten Commandments; fol. 118r-v Virtues of the Mass.

DECORATION: Six full-page framed miniatures with full strewn-flower borders including birds, grotesques, and occasional scenes on red or brushed gold grounds: fol. 11v Hours of the Virgin, Virgin reading in enclosed garden, God appearing in Burning Bush, unicorn placing horn in Virgin’s lap, Gabriel blowing horn and holding two hunting dogs on a leash; fol. 37v Hours of the Cross, Agony in the Garden, angel in sky carrying Cross; fol. 42v Penitential Psalms, David penitent, angel holding three arrows in sky; fol. 53v Morning prayers, St John writing on Patmos, angel holding sceptre, eagle holding inkpot; fol. 76v Rosary, Rosary-shaped mandorla of beads with Virgin and Child seated on crescent and crowned by angels, below pope, emperor, bishop and cardinal kneeling on left, women on right, shepherdess placing wreath on shepherd’s head; fol. 86v Psalms of the Virgin, Virgin seated at foot of Cross surrounded by seven medallions depicting the Seven Sorrows in grisaille: Circumcision, Flight into Egypt, Christ among the Doctors, Carrying of the Cross, Crucifixion, Pietà, Entombment.

Small framed miniature incorporating initial O: fol. 104v Prayer to the Trinity, Two angels holding monstrance with host.

ORNAMENTATION: Gold initials [10 – 12 ll.] formed of branch-work and acanthus, filled with flowers and jewellery on red or green grounds at main text divisions, with full strewn-flower borders on brushed gold grounds including mock joust (fol. 38r), ape playing psaltery (fol. 54r), and two ladies playing lute and harp (fol. 77r); identical initials [4 ll.] at lesser text divisions; gold initials [1 – 3 ll.] on red and blue grounds or white initials [1 – 3 ll.] on tan grounds; capitals highlighted in red; blue and pink bar line-fillers with liquid gold ornament.

Production
Place (legacy):

Southern Netherlands, production, region

Technique:

illumination

Material(s):

parchment; support
gold; medium

Dimension(s):

height
width

Acquisition:

bequeathed; 1904; McClean, Frank

Provenance:

copied by sister Geertrudt van Doetinchem, daughter of Engbert, in 1526 (colophon on fol. 118v, the first ‘c’ has been erased to make the date appear as 1426); Jutta van Doetinchem, daughter of Willem van Doetinchem (colophon, fol. 118v); cutting from unidentified English sale catalogue, no. 334 (inside upper cover); Edward Quaile; his sale, Sotheby’s, London, 10-11 May 1901, lot 85 (cutting from sale catalogue inside upper cover); purchased by Frank McClean (1837 – 1904); his bequest, 1904.

Associated
Person(s):

McClean, Frank; previous owner
Quaile, Edward; previous owner
Doetinchem, Jutta van; previous owner
Doetinchem, sister Geertrudt van; previous owner

Inscription:

secundo folio; fol. 13; myne wercken

Exhibition(s):

Sur la terre comme au ciel: jardins d'occident a la fin du Moyen-âge. 2002-06-04 - 2002-09-16
Organiser: Musée national du Moyen-âge, Paris, France
Venue: Musée national du Moyen-âge, Paris
Catalogue number: 20

Documentation:

James, Montague Rhodes, Dr. 1912. A descriptive catalogue of the McClean Collection of Manuscripts in the Fitzwilliam Museum.Cambridge (Cambs.): Cambridge University Press
pp. 215 – 17, pl. LXIV

Einhorn, J.W.. 1976. Spiritalis unicornis. Das Einhorn als Bedeutungstrager in Literatur und Kunst des Mittelalters.Munich:
p. 360, no. 328

Robinson, P. R.. 1988. Catalogue of Dated and Datable Manuscripts c. 737 - 1600 in Cambridge Libraries.Cambridge (Cambs.):
cat. no. 220

Byvanck, A. W.. Hoogewerff, G. J.. 1922 - 1926. La miniature hollandaise dans les manuscrits des 14e, 15e et 16e siècles.The Hague:
no. 182, pls. 160, 220

Byvanck, A. W.. 1937. La miniature dans les Pays-Bas Septentrionaux.Colmar, Paris:
pp. 112, 130, figs. 260 – 61

Antoine, E.. 2002. Sur la terre comme au ciel: jardins d'occident a la fin du Moyen-âge.Colmar, Paris:
cat. no. 20

Levi D'Ancona, Mirella. 1957. The Iconography of the Immaculate Conception in the Middle Ages and Early Renaissance.New York:
p. 71, ill. 51

Morgan, Nigel. Panayotova, Stella. 2009. A Catalogue of Western Book Illumination in the Fitzwilliam Museum and the Cambridge Colleges. Part One. Vol. 1: The Frankish Kingdoms, Northern Netherlands, Germany, Bohemia, Hungary, Austria; Vol. II: The Meuse Region, Southern Netherlands.London: Harvey Miller/Brepols
cat. no. 249

Accession:

Object Number: MS McClean 99
(Manuscripts and Printed Books)
(record id: 118816; input: 2005-05-31; modified: 2017-05-02)

Permanent
Identifier:

http://data.fitzmuseum.cam.ac.uk/id/object/118816





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