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In your search: MS McClean 81

Title:

Hours

Maker(s) &
Production:

Dunois Master, artist, and collaborator, France, Paris

Collection:

Frank McClean

Category:

illuminated manuscript

Name(s):

hours
use of Paris; liturgical use

Date:

1450 1460

Period:

15th century

Description:

PHYSICAL DESCRIPTION: Parchment, i modern paper flyleaf + i parchment flyleaf + 205 fols. + i parchment flyleaf + i modern paper flyleaf, 196 x 137 mm (92 x 60 mm), 13 long lines, ruled in red ink, catchwords

BINDING: seventeenth century, brown morocco over pasteboards, sewn on supports, gold-tooled design of lozenge-shaped compartments containing two C’s interlaced, gilt edges

SECUNDO FOLIO: [...] mine eius qui (fol. 14r)

ARTISTS: Dunois Master and collaborator

SCRIPT: Gothic bookhand (textualis)

CONTENTS:
fols. 1r-12v Calendar
fols. 13r-18r Gospel Sequences
fols. 19r-90r Hours of the Virgin (Use of Paris, with rubrics in French)
fols. 91r-110v Penitential Psalms and Litany
fols. 111r-117v Hours of the Cross
fols. 118r-123v Hours of the Holy Spirit
fols. 124r-172r Office of the Dead
fols. 172v-176r Prayer Obsecro te
fols. 176r-180r Prayer O intemerata
fols. 181r-185v Prayer Quinze Joyes (begins imperfectly)
fols. 186r-189r Prayer Sept Requestes
fols. 190r-205v Suffrages

DECORATION
Large, gold-framed miniature with arched top, with full ivy-leaf spraywork border in red, blue and gold, incorporating three birds (pheasant, peacock and owl), and springing from three-sided border ornamented with alternating orange and blue flowers: fol. 19r Hours of the Virgin, Matins, Annunciation.

Twelve half-page, gold-framed miniatures with arched tops, most set in hilly landscapes with panoramic views of rivers and cities shown in the distance, with full ivy-leaf spraywork borders ornamented with scrolling acanthus in vibrant hues and gold, and strawberries and flowers, including marguerites and columbine: fol. 44v Hours of the Virgin, Lauds, Visitation, with Virgin accompanied by angel carrying casket; fol. 56v Prime, Adoration of the Child, with infant Christ on ground surrounded by seraphim, and God flanked by pairs of blue angels reading from open books; fol. 63r Terce, Annunciation to the Shepherds, with shepherdess seated near fountain and making rose garland; fol. 68r Sext, Adoration of the Magi; fol. 72v None, Presentation in the Temple; fol. 77r Vespers, Flight into Egypt, with Holy family accompanied by angel carrying casket and sceptre; fol. 84v Compline, Coronation of the Virgin, with Mary surrounded by saints (including Catherine, Agnes, Lawrence and Stephen), and blue angels with musical instruments in starry sky; fol. 91r Penitential Psalms, David kneeling in penitence, his harp and crown on ground, with ships on river in distance; fol. 111r Hours of the Cross, Crucifixion, with two thieves, Longinus piercing Christ’s side, St Mary Magdalen embracing the foot of the cross, and crowd of witnesses, including sponge bearer, St John and the Virgin; fol. 118r Hours of the Holy Spirit, Pentecost, with Virgin and apostles (one prostrate, reading from open book) gathered in apsidal, vaulted chamber as dove and rays descend; fol. 124r Office of the Dead, Grave diggers bury corpse in churchyard in the presence of chanting clerics, mourners and enraged devil, vanquished by an angel who has rescued the deceased’s soul and bears it aloft to God; fol. 186r Sept Requestes, Last Judgement, with Christ seated on rainbow, flanked by the Virgin and St John the Baptist (Deësis), an angel leading two souls away, a soul rising from a grave and other souls entering Mouth of Hell.

ORNAMENTATION
Blue initials [3-5 ll.] patterned in white on gold grounds, filled with blue and orange tendrils of ivy and occasional floral motifs for major text divisions; blue and occasional pink initials [1-2 ll.] in the same style for lesser text divisions; gold linefillers outlined in black with blue and orange ivy tendrils, and floral and geometric motifs; full, gold ivy-leaf spraywork borders for text pages; capitals highlighted in yellow.

Technique:

illumination; whole

Material(s):

parchment; support
ink; medium
pigments; medium
gold; medium

Dimension(s):

height, parchment, 196, mm
width, parchment, 137, mm
height, leaf, 92, mm
width, leaf, 60, mm

Acquisition:

bequeathed; 1904; McClean, Frank

Provenance:

Samuel Rogers (1763-1855); his sale, Christie’s, London, 28 April 1856, lot 1015; purchased by William Goldsmith; André B. Knox; his sale, Sotheby’s, London, 12 August 1872, lot 253; Alexander Bain; his sale, Sotheby’s, London, 1 July 1901, lot 1086; purchased by Frank McClean (1837-1904); his bequest, 1904.

Acquisition Credit:

Bequeathed by Frank McClean

Inscription:

secundo folio; fol. 14r; [...] mine eius qui

Exhibition(s):

Documentation:

Avril, François. Reynaud, N.. 1993. Les manuscrits à peintures en France 1440-1520.Colmar, Paris: p. 24, 36-38

James, Montague Rhodes, Dr. 1912. A descriptive catalogue of the McClean Collection of Manuscripts in the Fitzwilliam Museum.Cambridge (Cambs.): Cambridge University Pressp. 167-68

Binski, P.. Panayotova, Stella. 2005. The Cambridge Illuminations: Ten Centuries of Book Production in the Medieval West.London: , #90

Panayotova, Stella. 2016. Colour: The Art and Science of Illuminated Manuscripts.London: The Fitzwilliam Museum, #94

Comblen-Sonkes, Micheline. Lorentz, Philippe. 1995. Musée du Louvre, Paris II. Corpus de la peinture des anciens pays-bas méridionaux et de la principalité de Liège au quinzième siècle.Brussels: p. 55, #no. 19

König, Eberhard. 2007. The Bedford Hours: The Making of a Medieval Masterpiece.Luzern and London: British Library

Thiébaut, D.. Lorentz, Philippe. Martin, F.-R.. 2004. Primitifs français: Découvertes et redécouvertes.Paris: Musée du Louvre Éditions

Reynolds, Catherine. The “Très Riches Heures”, the Bedford Workshop and Barthélemy d'Eyck.
Source Title: The Burlington Magazine 147 1229 (2005) : 526-533
p. 529

Reynolds, Catherine. The Workshop of the Master of the Duke of Bedford: Definitions and Identities.
Source Title: Patrons, Authors and Workshops: Books and Book Production in Paris around 1400(2006) : 437-72
p. 457

Spencer, E.. Gerson, Ciboule and the Bedford Master’s Shop.
Source Title: Scriptorium 19 (1965) : 104-08
p. 104-108

Buren, A. H. van. Die Rezeption der Rolin-Madonna durch die Zeitgenossen Jan van Eycks – Eine Rekonstruktion auf der Grundlage von Texten und Bildkopien.
Source Title: Porträt – Landschaft - Interieur. Jan van Eycks Rolin Madonna im ästhetischen Kontext(1999) : 147-64
p. 158, #fig. 5

Accession:

Object Number: MS McClean 81
(Manuscripts and Printed Books)
(record id: 209437; input: 2016-09-19; modified: 2017-04-28)

Permanent
Identifier:

http://data.fitzmuseum.cam.ac.uk/id/object/209437





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