East India Company; issuer
Victoria (1837-1901); ruler; struck in the rule of; Queen of Great Britain 1837-1901
Lester Watson Collection
Jellalabad Medal (Mural Crown); denomination
British Army; subsubsubseries
The First Afghan War of 1839 had culminated in the British restoration of the Shah Shujah al-Mulk, a situation which caused his dissatisfied people to rise in revolt in 1841. The murder of the British envoy provoked an initial evacuation of the British garrison, most of which was massacred on its march back to India. The British forces in Afghanistan were for a short while confined to those at the fort of Khelat-i-Ghilzai and the garrison of Jalalabad, which withstood siege until it could be relieved by the British a short while later in the campaign that restored British control in the area.
After the relief of Jalalabad the Governor-General of India determined on the issue of a silver medal for its defenders, but was dissatisfied with the result. When a shortfall was discovered the opportunity was taken to redesign the medal for the second issue. Those soldiers awarded the first were offered a free exchange of it for the second issue but very few chose to do so.
One such recipient was Private Joseph Walker of Prince Albert's Light Infantry, otherwise known as the 13th Foot Regiment. Lester Watson purchased his medal at some point before 1928.
Calcutta, mint, place
weight, 31.57, g
diameter, 38.6, mm
loan; 2005; Cambridge in America
Gift of L. Hoyt Watson; ex Lester Watson Collection, bt before 1928
design; obverse; JELLALABAD; Mural crown
design; reverse; VII APRIL, 1842; Inscription
Watson Catalogue; 191
previous object number; LW.0171
Imagery of War.
Catalogue number: 38
Hayward, John (author, C20th). Birch, Diana. Bishop, Richard. 2006. British Battles and Medals 7th edn.London: Spinkp. 209-210, 216-217
British and other Campaign and Gallantry Medals From the Collection of Lester Watson (d. 1959).
Jellalabad 1842 (Mural Crown 1st issue): Pvt. Joseph Walker, XIII P.A.L. Inf.
Object Number: CM.1288-2009
(Coins and Medals)
(record id: 141382; input: 2007-03-27; modified: 2009-11-23)