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Maker(s) &

Vianen, Christiaen van, silversmith, attributed to, Dutch goldsmith, printmaker, ca.1600-1667, England, London, probably


Attributed to the London workshop of Christian Van Vianen (c.1600-67).




two-handled cup

Other Name(s):



circa 1660 1667




third quarter of 17th century; Charles II


Silver, raised, embossed, and chased, in auricular style, with cast foot and raised finial in the form of a crouching partly clad man looking to his left
Silver, raised, embossed and chased, with cast foot and raised, hollow finial. The cup stands on a shaped octagonal footring. The rounded sides contract into a short neck and expand into a shaped rim with four rounded lobes separated by four narrow, spout-like lobes. On opposing sides there are ear-shaped handles, each made of two broad serpents, whose heads pass through a monster's head and project to right and left at the top, and whose tails entwine at the lower end. The cover has a shaped edge to match the top of the porringer, and rises up in the centre where there is a crouching possibly defecating, partly clad man, looking to his left. The body is decorated overall with auricular ornament forming grotesque masks: a fish-mask on the front and back, a male mask under each handle and between them, four masks of indeterminate creatures. The cover is decorated with auricular scrolls and masks round its edge, and with four open-mouthed masks below the man. There are traces on the cup and cover of erased arms.


raising (metal forming process); whole
embossing; whole
chasing; whole
casting (process); foot


silver; whole


silver, raised, embossed and chased, with cast foot and raised, hollow finial in the form of a crouching man


height, overall, 7⅜, in
height, overall, 18.6, cm
width, across handles, 8¼, in
width, across handles, 20.3, cm
weight, whole, 26 : 14, oz : dwt
weight, whole, 831, g


bought; 1999; Christie's


Possibly acquired by George Hibbert, Esq. (1757-1837), of Munden, Hertfordshire, the celebrated collector, and thence by descent: Christie's, London, 4th November 1998, Fine Silver and Objects of Vertu, catalogue pp. 72-5, lot 123. Sold for £71,900 including premium. Export license withheld.

Acquisition Credit:

Purchased with the H.S.Reitlinger Fund and grants from the National Art Collections Fund, and the MGC\V&A Purchase Grant Fund.


scratch weight; on base; scratched; 23 oz 13; weight


entry form number; 111; Fitzwilliam Museum


Woudhuysen, P.. 1982. Treasures of the Fitzwilliam Museum.Cambridge (Cambs.): Pevensey Pressp. 146

, The Fitzwilliam Museum Fitzwilliam Museum News.p. 1
Publ. Illustrated

, The Fitzwilliam Museum2000. The Fitzwilliam Museum Biennial Review 1998-2000.Cambridge (Cambs.): Cambridge University Press
Publ. under Major acquisitions, no pagination

Oman, Charles Chichele. 1970. Caroline Silver 1625-88.London: Faber
Cf. The form of the cup, but not its footring is comparable to a drawing by Adam Van Vianen in the Victoria and Albert Museum, see pl. 93

Alcorn, Ellenor M.. 1993. English Silver in the Museum of Fine Arts, Boston, volume I - silver before 1697.Boston (USA): p. pp. 126-8
Cf. A two-handled cup and cup, which appears to be a pair, but bears a coat-of-arms, in the Boston Museum of Fine Arts, see pp. 126-8, no. 52. The identification of the arms may not be accurate. Another suggestion is that they were of John Evelyn's elder brother George Evelyn and his second wife, Lady Cottons (see notes in file). The entry gives information on the career of Christian Van Vianen.

, National Art Collections Fund2000. The National Art Collections Fund 1999 Review.London: National Art Collections Fundp. 81
Publ. p. 81, no. 4686, text by Robin Crighton, illustrated

Department for Culture, Media and Sport. 1999. Export of Works of Art 1998-99, Forty-fifth Report of the Reviewing Committee appointed by the Chancellor of the Exchequer in December 1952.London: The Stationery Office Limited
Publ. pp. 36-39, Case 13, illustrated on front cover, and pl. XI. The text provides a brief description, account of Christian Van Vianen, discussion of the other example and the arms, and why it was decided to plan an export stop on the porringer.


Object Number: M.2 & A-1999
(Applied Arts)
(record id: 28827; input: 2001-05-17; modified: 2017-10-26)


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