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Title:

The Road to Calvary

Maker:

Schongauer, Martin; printmaker; German artist, c.1440/53-1491

Category:

print

Name:

print

Date:

circa 1480 circa 1485

School/Style:

German

Production
Note:

This impression has been cut.

Technique:

engraving

Material(s):

black carbon ink; medium
laid paper; support

Dimension(s):

height, image, 286, mm
width, image, 425, mm

Acquisition:

given; 1934; Young, Arthur W.

Notes(s):

One of the best-known and most influential prints produced in northern Europe in the Renaissance period, this image was apparently inspired by a lost work by Jan van Eyck. Schongauer's masterpiece probably dates to his mature years, demonstrating his sophisticated use of modelling and line to create a painterly depth and drama in the image. His technical assurance is also evident in successfully executing such a large plate, which was remarkable for its time. Christ is depicted on his way to be crucified at Golgotha, collapsing under the weight of the cross and being dragged and whipped by his captors. The procession leads the eye towards the place of execution in the background, with an ominous darkening sky and the weeping figures of the Virgin and St John. Standing out from the profuse detail of his tormentors and the grain of the cross is the face of Jesus, at the centre of the print, communicating his suffering in a look that seeks out the viewer.

Inscription:

monogram; image lower centre; printed; M+S

Alternative
Number(s):

Bartsch; 21(p.128)
Illustrated Bartsch; 21
Illustrated Bartsch Commentary; .009
Hollstein (German); 9
Lehrs (Schongauer watermarks); 21/9

Exhibition(s):

Early German Engravings 1450-1550. 1951-12 - 1952-05
Organiser: The Fitzwilliam Museum, Cambridge (Cambs.), UK
Venue: The Fitzwilliam Museum, Cambridge (Cambs.)

Prints by Dürer and his Contemporaries. 1960-10 - 1961-02
Organiser: The Fitzwilliam Museum, Cambridge (Cambs.), UK
Venue: The Fitzwilliam Museum, Cambridge (Cambs.)

Dürer's Contemporaries in Germany from Schongauer to Cranach. 1980-04-22 - 1980-06-28
Organiser: The Fitzwilliam Museum, Cambridge (Cambs.), UK
Venue: The Fitzwilliam Museum, Cambridge (Cambs.)

Dürer and Contemporary Printmakers in Germany. 1981-01-13 - 1981-04-05
Organiser: The Fitzwilliam Museum, Cambridge (Cambs.), UK
Venue: The Fitzwilliam Museum, Cambridge (Cambs.)

XVth and XVIth century engravings from the Museum collections. 1966 - 1966
Organiser: The Fitzwilliam Museum, Cambridge (Cambs.), UK
Venue: The Fitzwilliam Museum, Cambridge (Cambs.)

Engravings by Martin Schongauer (ab. 1430-1491) from the Museum Collections. 1962-10 - 1963-01
Organiser: The Fitzwilliam Museum, Cambridge (Cambs.), UK
Venue: The Fitzwilliam Museum, Cambridge (Cambs.)

Martin Schongauer c.1451-1491. 1991-01-08 - 1991-06-08
Organiser: The Fitzwilliam Museum, Cambridge (Cambs.), UK
Venue: The Fitzwilliam Museum, Cambridge (Cambs.)
Catalogue number: 25

Documentation:

The Fitzwilliam Museum. 1991. Martin Schongauer: c.1451-1491 Handlist of an exhibition in the Charrington Print Room. Fitzwilliam Museum. 1991..p. 3
Classmark, N1217, #25

Related Object(s):

P.2698-R; The Road to Calvary
22.I.1-53; The Road to Calvary

Accession:

Object Number: P.2695-R
(Paintings, Drawings and Prints)
(record id: 99064; input: 2004-06-16; modified: 2012-10-22)

Permanent
Identifier:

http://data.fitzmuseum.cam.ac.uk/id/object/99064