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Title(s):

Saint Jerome reading Saint Jerome in the wilderness, reading

Maker:

Ribera, Jusepe de (lo Spagnoletto); printmaker; Italian artist, 1590-1652

Category:

print

Name:

print

Date:

circa 1624

School/Style:

Spanish

Period:

17th Century

Production
Note:

Only state.

Technique(s):

etching
engraving
drypoint
surface tone

Material(s):

black carbon ink; medium
laid paper; support; mounted on all four corners onto backing sheet

Dimension(s):

height, plate, 192, mm
width, plate, 255, mm
height, sheet, 193, mm
width, sheet, 258, mm

Acquisition:

bequeathed; 1816; Fitzwilliam, Richard, 7th Viscount

Notes(s):

Etched c.1624, this is one of several religious prints by Ribera not linked to an existing painting. It may have been inspired by an earlier print, such as Lucas van Leyden's engraving of Saint Jerome reading in a landscape, with his companionable lion. Ribera adds a skull and a blasted tree stump on the left, reminders of mortality and the crucifixion, but the emphasis is still on reading, with open books and scrolls scattered around. Ribera made two earlier prints of Saint Jerome, although they are very different in treatment and feature the angel and trumpets of the Apocalypse interrupting the saint from his meditation. He also made a later painting in 1646 based on this print, and perhaps around the same time made two drawings of the saint seated in the wilderness. The form of the monogram on the print is exceptional and may have been added to the plate by another hand. The use of GR rather than JR led Lord Fitzwilliam to attribute the print to Guido Reni, and had the print pasted into his Reni album.

Inscription:

monogram; image upper left; printed; A GR [GR reversed and superimposed]; Not Ribera's monogram, although present on all known impressions of the print.

Alternative
Number(s):

Bartsch; 3
Illustrated Bartsch; 3
Brown (Ribera); 13

Exhibition(s):

Saint Jerome and His Lion. 1995-05 - 1995-09
Organiser: The Fitzwilliam Museum, Cambridge (Cambs.), UK
Venue: The Fitzwilliam Museum, Cambridge (Cambs.)
Catalogue number: 23

From Polidoro to Salvator Rosa: Drawings and Prints from Naples. 1998-09-22 - 1998-12-23
Organiser: The Fitzwilliam Museum, Cambridge (Cambs.), UK
Venue: The Fitzwilliam Museum, Cambridge (Cambs.)

Related Object(s):

AD.1.18-140; Saint Jerome and the angel
31.K.12-108; Saint Jerome and the angel
31.K.12-294; Saint Jerome and the trumpet

Accession:

Object Number: 24.I.2-79
(Paintings, Drawings and Prints)
(record id: 93607; input: 2003-06-20; modified: 2014-08-14)

Permanent
Identifier:

http://data.fitzmuseum.cam.ac.uk/id/object/93607