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Maker:

Unknown; pottery

Collection:

Oscar Raphael

Category:

fritware (stonepaste)

Name(s):

tile
Islamic pottery; category
lustre ware; category

Date:

circa 1455

School/Style:

Timurid

Period:

mid 15th century

Description(s):

frtiware coated in a white glaze painted in blue and in red lustre
fritware, mould made, glazed in white and painted in blue and in red lustre.
Shape: roughly square with slightly bevelled edges and decoration in relief
Upper surface: in a linear frieze on the upper edge and covering almost the remaining entire surface, floral sprays with pointed petals and leaves are reserved against a red lustre ground. Painted in blue and in relief, an inscription dominates the central section. On the lower edge a narrow band of dotted circles is reserved in lustre.
Lower surface: undecorated

Production
Place (legacy):

Iran, potter, country
Iranian, potter, nationality

Production
Note:

Near identical tiles now in the V&A were made for an unidentified building sponsored by the Timurid ruler Abu Sa`id (d.1469)

Technique(s):

moulding; whole
painting underglaze; upper surface; blue
glazing (coating); upper surface; white
painting overglaze; upper surface; red lustre

Material(s):

fritware; whole
pigment; upper surface; blue
glaze; upper surface; white
oxide colours; upper surface; red lustre

Technique
Description:

fritware, mould made, glazed in white and painted in blue and in red lustre

Dimension(s):

height, whole, 30.5, cm
width, whole, 31.5, cm
depth, whole, 4, cm
weight, whole, 4513, g

Acquisition:

bequeathed; 1946; Raphael, Oscar C.

Provenance:

Purchased from Sassoon in 1921

Notes(s):

On the slip there is a note to say that Peter Morgan thinks this tile is genuine Close similarity with the V&A example (C.26-1983) could mean that these tiles are from the same building. Inscription on the V&A example is designed by the calligrapher Nusratuddin Muhammad for an unidentified building sponsored by the Timurid ruler Abu Sa`id (d.1469) see: http://collections.vam.ac.uk/item/O85337/tile/ V&A example is thought to accompany a niche tile in the Metropolitan Museum of art (30.95.26) that is inscribed with: "Bismillah. Ordered the building of this structure the great sultan Abu Anbiyya, the conqueror sultan (Abu?) Sa'id Bahadur Khan, perpetual be his sovereignty. Nusrat al-Din Muhammad wrote this. Year 860 (1455-56 A.D.)". See: http://www.metmuseum.org/works_of_art/collection_database/all/tile_niche_nusrat_al_din_muhammad/objectview.aspx?page=1&sort=6&sortdir=asc&keyword=nusrat al din muhammad&fp=1&dd1=0&dd2=0&vw=1&collID=0&OID=140005651&vT=1&hi=0&ov=0

Acquisition Credit:

Bequeathed by Oscar Raphael

Inscription(s):

inscription; upper surface, central area; moulded in relief and painted in blue; thuluth script; Persian inscription, probably designed by the calligrapher Nusratuddin Muhammad, moulded in original production of tile; dedicatory inscription
label; lower surface; printed, hand written in black; border (printed in blue), 'Mr Arthur Lane of the V&A museum is doubtful as to this tile being genuine' (hand written in black); rectangular paper label adhered to the lower surface; probably added by curatorial staff at FWM
label; lower surface; printed, hand written in black and pencil; ‘Fitzwilliam Museum Cambridge/Bequeathed by’ (printed), ‘Oscar Raphael Esq. / 1941 / Raphael Catalogue No. 40’ (hand written in black), ‘173-1946’ (hand written in pencil); rectangular paper label adhered to the lower surface; FWM label but with important information relating to Rapahel's catalogue numbering

Documentation:

Watson, Oliver. 1985. Persian Lustre Ware.London: Faber and Faber Limitedp. 157-163
Cf. near identical tiles in the V&A (C.26-1983) collection see figure number 130 (p. 159). Ref. on Timurid lustre

Lentz, T.W.. Lowry, G.D.. 1989. Timur and the Princely Vision: Persian Art and Culture in the Fifteenth Century.Los Angeles: Smithsonian Institutionp. 210-216
Cf. near identical tiles from the V & A (C.26-1983) and another with similar decorative style in the Metropolitan Museum of Art (30.95.26). Ref. on Timurid tiles

Accession:

Object Number: OC.173-1946
(Applied Arts)
(record id: 77613; input: 2004-03-11; modified: 2012-06-12)

Permanent
Identifier:

http://data.fitzmuseum.cam.ac.uk/id/object/77613





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