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Title:

Flagon with silver lid

Maker(s) &
Production:

Doulton & Co., pottery, England, Middlesex, Lambeth
Tinworth, George, decorator, 1866-1913, England
Fox, George, silversmith, British Victorian interior designer, England

Production
Note(s):

The flagon bears the crests of Egerton Leigh of West Hall, High Leigh, Cheshire, incised on the lid. It was probably made to commemorate his marriage to Lady Elizabeth Mary, eldest daughter of the third Earl of Bantry, in 1874.
The incised, scrolling foliage, applied flower heads and beading on the body of this flagon are typical of George Tinworth’s style in the early 1870s. Tinworth (1843-1913) worked at Doulton & Co from 1866 until his death, having previously studied at Lambeth School of Art and the Royal Academy. He decorated thousands of salt-glazed stoneware pots and also made small figures of children and animals, notably a series of child musicians playing over 35 instruments. His most important commissions, however, were terracotta relief panels, of which he made some 500, including work for York Minster and for the Guards Chapel.
Doulton and Co, founded by John Doulton at Vauxhall, c.1815, originally specialised in utility ceramics, with some production of stoneware jugs and ornamental bottles. Henry Doulton, his son, introduced decorative stoneware at the Lambeth Art Pottery in the mid 1860s, encouraged by John Sparkes, Head of Lambeth School of Art; in all, some 400 artists were employed there, many of them Lambeth students. From 1872 the business expanded into faience and in the 1880s opened a factory at Burslem, Staffordshire, where bone china and other wares were made. In 1901, Edward VII granted the Royal warrant to the factory. Stoneware production at Lambeth reduced after 1914, and ceased in 1956.

Category(s):

stoneware; salt-glazed stoneware; Art Pottery; Doulton Lambeth ware

Name:

jug

Other Name:

flagon

Date:

1874

School/Style:

Art Pottery

Period(s):

late 19th Century; Victorian

Description(s):

Salt-glazed stoneware jug with incised and applied decoration; silver mounts and lid, engraved with two crests and a motto.
Thrown, stoneware, cylindrical body, tapering towards the top, with thickened base and rim and applied handle. The body is decorated with an incised pattern of stylised leaves and applied strings of beadwork which wave around applied, impressed flower motifs, the latter in three sizes. An incised leaf motif runs down the outside of the handle. The whole is coated in slip, the leaves picked out in light and dark green and the flowers in blue, and edged at top and bottom with a blue rope strip and brown rim. The underside is flat and unglazed.
The neck is banded with silver, formed to a lip opposite the handle, and decorated with an engraved pattern of diamond shapes, into which eight relief flower-heads have been set. The cover is flat and engraved with: a rampant lion with a flag; an arm with a fist clenching two arrows; and the motto 'FORCE AVEC VERTU'. The hinge sits on the top of the handle, secured by a band, with a trefoil thumb-piece rising 4 cm above the lid.

Technique(s):

throwing; body
salt-glazing; body
incising; decoration
painting; decoration
engraving; decoration
embossed; decoration

Material(s):

stoneware; body
salt-glaze; body
silver; lid
slip; decoration
oxide colours; decoration

Technique
Description:

Thrown, salt-glazed stoneware, with applied handle. The body is decorated with incised, applied and painted decoration. The silver lid has relief decoration and engravings.

Dimension(s):

height, whole, 29.0, cm
height, whole, 11.25, in
width, whole, 16.5, cm
width, whole, 6.5, in

Acquisition:

given; 1971; The Friends of the Fitzwilliam Museum

Provenance:

Purchased from Richard Dennis, 144 Kensington Church Street, London, W.8.

Associated
Person(s):

Doulton, Henry
Leigh, Egerton
Lambeth School of Art

Acquisition Credit:

Given by the Friends of the Fitzwilliam Museum

Inscription(s):

mark; on underside of base; impressed; 'DOULTON LAMBETH' '1874'; oval Doulton seal 'DOULTON LAMBETH, with 1874 in the middle
monogram; on bottom rim, below the handle; incised; GT; in monogram for George Tinworth (decorator)
mark; underside of base; incised; E; for unidentified decorators assistant
mark; underside of base; incised; MT or AT; script; possibly for Ada Tosen, senior assistant
inscription; on cover; engraved; FORCE AVEC VERTU; family motto
mark; on cover; 'GF', 't'; 'GF' in quatrefoil for the maker George Fox, a lower case gothic 't' for the date 1874-5, Sovereign's head and leopard's face for London, lion passant.

Exhibition(s):

Documentation:

Poole, Julia E.. 1995. Fitzwilliam Museum Handbooks, English Pottery.Cambridge (Cambs.): Cambridge University Pressp. pp. 118-9
Publ. colour illustration, pp. 118-9, no. 54

Eyles, Desmond. 1975. The Doulton Lambeth Wares.London: Hutchinsonp. pp. 105, 146
Publ.Fig. 12. This is almost certainly the same jug, as the photograph was reproduced by courtesy of Richard Dennis. For marks see pp. 105, 146 (no.8).

Rose, Peter. 1982. George Tinworth.Los Angeles: C.D.N. Corporation
Ref.

Dennis, Richard. 1971. Catalogue of an exhibition of Doulton stoneware and terracotta, 1870-1925, part 1. 28th September to 9th October, 1971 at 141 Kensington Church Street, London, W.8..London?:
Publ. Exhibited, no. 587

1905. Fairburn's Book of Crests of the Families of Great Britain and Ireland.p. pp. 29, 337
Ref. For the crests and motto see Vol. II, p. 29 for the motto of Egerton Leigh of West Ham, High Leigh, Cheshire, and Vol. I, p. 337 for the crests and family. Book reprinted with 2 vols in one, 1984

Gosse, Edmund. 1883. Critical Essay On The Life And Works Of George Tinworth, With A Descriptive Catalogue Annexed.
Ref.

Godden, Geoffrey A.. Tinworth Diary: Doulton's Ceramic Sculptor.
Source Title: Connoisseur 169 (December-1968)

Ref.

Related Object(s):

C.1222-1928; Group of Boy Musicians
C.1223-1928; Boy playing a concertina
M.24-1972; The Sons of Cydippe

Accession:

Object Number: C.7-1971
(Applied Arts)
(record id: 75909; input: 2002-10-31; modified: 2016-08-11)

Permanent
Identifier:

http://data.fitzmuseum.cam.ac.uk/id/object/75909





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