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Maker(s) &

, Egypt






Late Period, 25 / 26 Dyn.


Gneis scarab with a nearly rectangular base, inscribed with kryptographic writing of god's name Amun
The reverse is without damage mainly due to the usage of hard stone. The surface is highly polished. The scarab is not transfixed but there is a dimple at the point where the front legs come together. No indication of any transfixion at the back. A crudely done single line forms the partition of elythra and protorax which is deeper cut at the left side. A single line divides the elythra and forms the suture. At the place where the humerale callosities would be expected, two small lines (0.004m long each) run parallel to the single line dividing the elythra (distance 0.001m). The prothorax is irregular rectangular. The head is very small and square, shown with eyes. The clypeus is only indicated by four incised lines which stand for the four lobes. The legs are very schematic, plain, and highly arched. They meet at the junction of elythra and protorax. The scarab is sitting on a base of about 0.001 to 0.002m.

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length, 0.015, m
width, 0.009, m
height, 0.008, m


given; 1920; Thompson, H., Sir


inscription; base; The base shows crude and flat incised hieroglyphs to be read from right to left and top down. The inscription is encircled by a single line. It consists of a very crude mn-sign (Gardiner list Y5 - only to recognise along the parallel pieces Collection Fraser Basel 345 and 344). Below the mn-sign there is a goose (Gardiner list G39) with a dot in front of it. The bottom line shows three hieroglyphs: one reed, a highly stilised sitting Maat with an ankh sign on her knees, and one uraeus. No inner details of the signs are indicated.; Reed, Maat and uraeus could be a cryptographic writing for the god Amun (jmn): reed stands for the value j, Maat for m and the uraeus as a divine figure is read ntr (netjer) and has the value n. The dot in front of the goose could be interpreted as an egg, belonging to the goose read as the word sa and expressing a filiation ( here a possible allusion to Amun) or read as the sun disc in the name Amun-Ra. This cryptographic writing puns with both alternatives.


Magnarini, Franco. 2008. Insolita forma.


Object Number: E.117.1920
(record id: 51961; input: 2003-03-25; modified: 2012-01-10)


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