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Maker(s) &
Production:

Unknown, pottery, Umbria, Orvieto

Collection:

H.S. Reitlinger

Category(s):

tin-glazed earthenware; maiolica

Name:

two-handled cup

Date:

circa 1250 circa 1350

School/Style:

maiolica arcaica

Period(s):

13th Century; 14th Century; Medieval

Description(s):

Maiolica two-handled cup, painted in manganese and green with, on the inside, a Cross and Instruments of the Passion.
Earthenware, tin-glazed pinkish-grey on both sides; base unglazed. Painted in manganese and copper-green.
Shape 21. Circular with carinated sides, narrow foot and two loop handles of oval section.
Inside, within two concentric manganese circles, there is a green Cross and manganese Instruments of the Passion; on the outside, a wide green horizontal band and two green spots on each handle. A green band runs round part of the rim.

Technique(s):

throwing; body
tin-glazing; whole; base unglazed
painting; decoration

Material(s):

earthenware; whole
tin-glaze; whole; base unglazed
high-temperature colours; decoration; manganese and copper-green

Technique
Description:

earthenware, tin-glazed pinkish-grey on both sides, base unglazed: painted in manganese and copper-green.

Dimension(s):

height, whole, 4.8, cm
diameter, foot, 3.9, cm
width, whole, 14.9, cm

Acquisition:

bequeathed; 1991-04-29; Reitlinger, Henry Scipio

Provenance:

Purportedly excavated at Orvieto; William Ridout; Christie's, 13 December 1938, The William Ridout collection of Italian majolica, European pottery, faience and delftware, probably part of lot 107; H.S. Reitlinger (d.1950); the Reitlinger Trust, Maidenhead, from which transferred in 1991.

Associated
Person(s):

Ridout, William; previous owner
Reitlinger, Henry Scipio; previous owner

Notes:

Religious symbols, principally the Cross, Instruments of the Passion and Agnus Dei occur frequently on two-handled cups and bowls. Their use was probably encouraged by the Pope's and Curia's prolonged periods of residence in Orvieto during the late thirteenth century, as well as by the existence of numerous religious houses and confraternities in Umbria.

Acquisition Credit:

H.S. Reitlinger Bequest, 1950

Inscription:

label; printed in blue and inscribed in blue-black ink; 'WILLIAM RIDOUT COLLECTION' printed in blue, 'O./26.' in blue-black ink; circular with blue border

Exhibition(s):

Italian Maiolica in the Fitzwilliam Museum. 1995-10-03 - 1996-01-07
Organiser: The Fitzwilliam Museum, Cambridge (Cambs.), UK
Venue: The Fitzwilliam Museum, Cambridge (Cambs.)
Notes: Case 17, bottom
Catalogue number: no catalogue

Documentation:

Honey, William Bowyer. Ridout, F.U.. 1934. A Catalogue of the Collection of Italian and other Maiolica, Mediaeval English Pottery, Dutch, Spanish and French Faïence, and other Ceramic Wares, formed by William Ridout of London and Toronto.London: p. p. 13
Publ. p. 13, O.26

Poole, Julia E.. 1995. Italian Maiolica and Incised Slipware in the Fitzwilliam Museum Cambridge.Cambridge (Cambs.): Cambridge University Pressp. p. 52
Publ. p. 52, no. 79

Sconci, Maria Selene. Andreani, Laura. Cannistrà, Alessandra. 2011. Museo dell'Opera del Duomo di Orvieto Ceramiche.Orvieto: Giunti
Cf.p. 113, nos. 229, 230 and 231, comparable bowls decorated with Instruments of the Passion, dated to the mid 14th century. This example is mentioned under no. 229.

Accession:

Object Number: C.98-1991
(Applied Arts)
(record id: 47823; input: 2002-05-17; modified: 2012-11-27)

Permanent
Identifier:

http://data.fitzmuseum.cam.ac.uk/id/object/47823





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