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Maker(s) &
Production:

Unidentified Orvieto pottery, pottery, Italy, Umbria, Orvieto

Collection:

H.S. Reitlinger

Category(s):

tin-glazed earthenware; maiolica

Name:

jug

Date:

circa 1275 1375

School/Style:

maiolica arcaica

Period(s):

13th Century; 14th Century; Medieval

Description(s):

Late Medieval maiolica jug, painted in manganese and green with an applied relief face and pines-cones.
Earthenware. The interior, lower part, and base are lead-glazed brownish-yellow; the rest is tin-glazed pale greenish-grey. Painted in dark manganese and copper-green.
Shape 19 with strap handle. Squat piriform body with disk base, short neck, trilobate mouth and strap handle.
The front is decorated with an applied relief face in a green oval frame, flanked by areas of cross-hatching and two relief pine-cones. On each side of the handle there are oblique strokes between two sets of three vertical lines. Below are two horizontal bands; on the neck, a green chain between pairs of manganese horizontal bands; and on the handle, horizontal stripes of alternate colours.

Technique(s):

throwing; body
lead-glazing; interior, lower part; and base
tin-glazing; exterior
painting; decoration

Material(s):

earthenware; whole
lead-glaze; interior, lower part; and base
tin-glaze; exterior
high-temperature colours; decoration; dark manganese and copper-green

Technique
Description:

earthenware; the interior, lower part, and base are lead-glazed brownish-yellow, the rest is tin-glazed pale greenish-grey; painted in dark manganese and copper-green.

Dimension(s):

height, whole, 16.9, cm
height, original rim, 16.2, cm
diameter, base, 9.1, cm
diameter, handle to relief, 11.9, cm

Acquisition:

bequeathed; 1991-04-29; Reitlinger, Henry Scipio

Provenance:

Signor Avvocato Arcangelo Marcioni (1859-1928) or Cavaliere Capitano Ferdinando Lucatelli, Orvieto; Sotheby's, 16-17 February 1914, Catalogue of the collections of early Italian pottery formed by Signor Avvocato Marcioni and Cavaliere Capitano Lucatelli of Orvieto, lot 79C (1). Purchased from Kerin, London, on 9 December 1933 by H.S. Reitlinger (d.1950); the Reitlinger Trust, Maidenhead, from which transferred in 1991.

Associated
Person:

Reitlinger, Henry Scipio; previous owner

Notes:

The decoration of this form suggests that it was made contemporaneously with the tall jugs decorated with pine cones or bunches of grapes (Poole, 1995, shape 17). It occurs with a variety of motifs between the reliefs, such as heads, coats-of-arms, figures, and animals. Part of a jug of this type was recovered from butto A of the Palazzetto Faina, Orvieto, and there are others in the Bargello, Florence, the Museo del Vino, Torgiano, the Museo del Palazzo di Venezia, Rome, the Fondazione Horne, Florence, the National Gallery of Victoria, Melbourne, the Danish Museum of Art and Design, and the Museo dell'Opera del Duomo, Orvieto

Acquisition Credit:

H.S. Reitlinger Bequest, 1950; transferred from the Reitlinger Trust, 1991

Alternative
Number:

packing number; EURCER 467; Allocated by Wendy Rose when object left Maidenhead; 1989

Documentation:

Poole, Julia E.. 1995. Italian Maiolica and Incised Slipware in the Fitzwilliam Museum Cambridge.Cambridge (Cambs.): Cambridge University Pressp. pp. 44-5
Publ. pp. 44-5, no. 64

Fiocco, Carola. Gherardi, Gabriella. 1991. Museo del Vino di Torgiano, Ceramiche.Perugia: p. 51
Cf. p. 51, no. 33

Milan, Castello Sforzesco. Satolli, Alberto. 1983. La ceramica orvietana del medioevo I.Florence: Castello Sforzescop. 101, 104
Cf. p. 31, fig. 14 a jug from butto A of the Palazzetto Faina, Orvieto; p. 101, no. 151, a jug in the Palazzo di Venezia, Rome; and p. 104, no. 161 a jug in the Fondazione Horne, Florence

Bernardi, Manuela. 1987. Ceramica medievale umbro-laziale, Museo Nazion¬ale del Bargello.Florence: Museo Nazionale del Bargello, Florencep. 32-3
Cf. pp. 32-3, no. 11

Sconci, Maria Selene. Andreani, Laura. CannistrĂ , Alessandra. 2011. Museo dell'Opera del Duomo di Orvieto Ceramiche.Orvieto: Giuntip. 95-96
Cf. Three jugs, p. 95, nos. 189 (MIBAC 10/00153013) and 190 (MIBAC 10/00148954) and p. 96, no. 191 (MIBAC 10/00153743)

Wilson, Timothy. 2015. Italian Maiolica in the Collection of the National Gallery of Victoria.Melbourne: National Gallery of Victoriap. 32, 35
Cf. p. 32 (a) inv. 38784-D3, illustrated p. 35, centre

Houkjaer, Ulla. 2005. Tin-glazed Earthenware 1300-1750, Spain - Italy - France, Catalogue of the Collection.Copenhagen: Danish Museum of Art and Designp. 121
Cf. p. 121, no. 101, attributed to Orvieto, 14th century. Purchased from Sangiorgi, Rome. The author notes that the maiolica of this period in this museum was almost all purchased in Orvieto in connection with excavations there in 1912

Wilson, Timothy. 2017. Italian Maiolica and Europe.Oxford: Ashmolean Museump. 52
Cf. p. 52, no. 5 a squatter jug with a relief face on the front, flanked by cones or bunches of grapes. Inv. no. WA 1954-12. This example is mentioned.

Accession:

Object Number: C.68-1991
(Applied Arts)
(record id: 47607; input: 2002-05-13; modified: 2017-11-14)

Permanent
Identifier:

http://data.fitzmuseum.cam.ac.uk/id/object/47607





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