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Maker(s) &
Production:

Unknown, pottery, probably, Umbria, Orvieto, probably

Collection:

H.S. Reitlinger

Category(s):

tin-glazed earthenware; maiolica

Name:

jug

Date:

circa 1275 1375
probably c.1275-1375

School/Style:

maiolica arcaica

Period(s):

late 13th Century; 14th Century; Medieval

Description(s):

Late Medieval maiolica jug, painted in black and green, with on the front a fleur-de-lis.
Earthenware. The interior, lower part, and base are lead-glazed brown; the rest is tin-glazed greyish-beige. Painted in black and copper-green.
Shape 11. Bulbous body with disk base, cylindrical neck, carinated rim, pinched spout and loop handle of D-section.
On the front there is a green fleur-de-lis outlined in black.

Technique(s):

throwing; body
lead-glazing; interior, base; and lower part
tin-glazing; exterior
painting; decoration

Material(s):

earthenware; whole
lead-glaze; interior, base; and lower part
tin-glaze; exterior
high-temperature colours; decoration; black and copper-green

Technique
Description:

earthenware: the interior, lower part, and base are lead-glazed brown, the rest is tin-glazed greyish-beige.; painted in black and copper-green.

Dimension(s):

height, whole, 17.0, cm
diameter, base, 8.5, cm
diameter, body, 10.7, cm
width, handle to spout, 13.7, cm

Acquisition:

bequeathed; 1950; Reitlinger, Henry Scipio

Provenance:

Signor Avvocato Marcioni or Cavaliere Capitano Lucatelli; Sotheby's, 16-17 February 1914, Catalogue of the collections of early Italian pottery formed by Signor Avvocato Marcioni and Cavaliere Capitano Lucatelli of Orvieto, lot 71 (1). William Ridout; Christie's, 13 December 1938, part of lot 105; H.S. Reitlinger (d.1950); the Reitlinger Trust, Maidenhead, from which transferred in 1991.

Associated
Person(s):

Ridout, William; previous owner
Reitlinger, Henry Scipio; previous owner

Notes:

The fleur-de-lis occurs on medieval maiolica as a heraldic device on shields, or as an independent decorative motif. It was associated with the house of Anjou whose arms were azure semé-de-lis or differenced by a label of five points gules, and it would therefore have been an acceptable decorative motif on pottery used by Orvieto's Guelphs led by the Monaldeschi. However, its frequent use on Orvieto pottery during the late thirteenth, and fourteenth, century more probably reflects the fact that it was a charge on the shield of the Farnese (who were closely associated with Orvieto from the early twelfth century), and on those of the Montemarte, Marsciano, and Dolci families of Orvieto. When the complete arms are not shown, the fleur-de-lis is usually single so it is not possible to associate it with a specific family. The motif also occurs on maiolica from Lazio.

Acquisition Credit:

H.S. Reitlinger Bequest, 1950

Inscription(s):

label; printed in blue and inscribed in blue-black ink; 'WILLIAM RIDOUT COLLECTION' printed in blue, 'O/51.' in blue-black ink; circular with blue border
label; inscribed in pencil; 105/18; brown tie-on
inscription; on base; inscribed in pencil; 71

Documentation:

Honey, William Bowyer. Ridout, F.U.. 1934. A Catalogue of the Collection of Italian and other Maiolica, Mediaeval English Pottery, Dutch, Spanish and French Faïence, and other Ceramic Wares, formed by William Ridout of London and Toronto.London: p. p. 14
Publ. p. 14, O.51.

Poole, Julia E.. 1995. Italian Maiolica and Incised Slipware in the Fitzwilliam Museum Cambridge.Cambridge (Cambs.): Cambridge University Pressp. pp. 30-1
Publ. pp. 30-1, no. 43

Satolli, Alberto. Le vecchie collezioni di ceramica orvietana medievale.
Source Title: Vasellari, Rivista di storia della tradizione ceramica(1997)
p. p. 14
Publ. p. 114, no. 54

Accession:

Object Number: C.50-1991
(Applied Arts)
(record id: 47481; input: 2002-05-10; modified: 2012-10-10)

Permanent
Identifier:

http://data.fitzmuseum.cam.ac.uk/id/object/47481





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