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Maker(s) &
Production:

Unknown, pottery, Umbria, Orvieto

Collection:

H.S. Reitlinger

Category(s):

tin-glazed earthenware; maiolica

Name:

jug

Date:

circa 1275 1375
probably c.1275-1375

School/Style:

maiolica arcaica

Period(s):

13th Century; 14th Century; Medieval

Description(s):

Late Medieval maiolica jug, painted in manganese and green with a cross potent on the front.
Yellowish-buff earthenware. The interior of the neck and the lower part are partly lead-glazed brownish-yellow; the rest is tin-glazed pale grey. Painted in dark manganese and copper-green.
Shape 11. Bulbous body with disk base, cylindrical neck, carinated rim, pinched spout and strap handle of D-section.
The front is decorated with a manganese cross potent inside a green circle.

Technique(s):

throwing; body
lead-glazing; interior, lower part
tin-glazing; exterior
painting; decoration

Material(s):

earthenware; whole
lead-glaze; interior, lower part
tin-glaze; exterior
high-temperature colours; decoration; dark manganese and copper-green

Technique
Description:

yellowish-buff earthenware; the interior of the neck and the lower part are partly lead-glazed brownish-yellow, the rest is tin-glazed pale grey; painted in dark manganese and copper-green.

Dimension(s):

height, whole, 14.0, cm
diameter, base, 6.7, cm
diameter, body, 9.0, cm
width, handle to spout, 12.0, cm

Acquisition:

bequeathed; 1950; Reitlinger, Henry Scipio

Provenance:

Signor Avvocato Marcioni or Cavaliere Capitano Lucatelli; Sotheby's, 16-17 February 1914, Catalogue of the collections of early Italian pottery formed by Signor Avvocato Marcioni and Cavaliere Capitano Lucatelli of Orvieto, lot 79 (1). William Ridout; Christie's, 13 December 1938, part of lot 105; H.S. Reitlinger (d.1950); the Reitlinger Trust, Maidenhead, from which transferred in 1991.

Associated
Person(s):

; previous owner
Ridout, William; previous owner
Reitlinger, Henry Scipio; previous owner

Notes:

The cross potent, taken from the arms of Jerusalem, was associated with the Knights Hospitallers of St John of Jerusalem, who had many houses in central Italy. Luciano Ricetti, however, noted that the cross resembled the mark of Pietro di Meo di Ventura, camerario of the Opera del Duomo in Orvieto between 1464-1465. This jug could have been made for an earlier member of the family.

Acquisition Credit:

H.S. Reitlinger Bequest, 1950

Inscription(s):

label; printed in blue and inscribed in blue-black ink; 'WILLIAM RIDOUT COLLECTION' printed in blue, 'O/45.' in blue-black ink; circular with blue border
label; inscribed in pencil; 105/18; brown tie-on
inscription; on the base; in pencil; 79/4

Documentation:

Honey, William Bowyer. Ridout, F.U.. 1934. A Catalogue of the Collection of Italian and other Maiolica, Mediaeval English Pottery, Dutch, Spanish and French Faïence, and other Ceramic Wares, formed by William Ridout of London and Toronto.London: p. p. 14
Publ. p. 14, O.45 & pl. VIII

Poole, Julia E.. 1995. Italian Maiolica and Incised Slipware in the Fitzwilliam Museum Cambridge.Cambridge (Cambs.): Cambridge University Pressp. pp. 29-30
Publ. pp. 29-30, no. 41

Satolli, Alberto. Le vecchie collezioni di ceramica orvietana medievale.
Source Title: Vasellari, Rivista di storia della tradizione ceramica(1997)
p. p. 14
Publ. p. 14, no. 58

Riccetti, Luciano. 2001. La ceramica medievale orvietana: la pista americana ed alcune precisazioni.Faenza:
Source Title: Faenza 87 4-6 (2001) : 5-67
p. p. 59
Publ. See text p.59, and pl. XVII c.

Accession:

Object Number: C.49-1991
(Applied Arts)
(record id: 47462; input: 2002-05-08; modified: 2012-10-10)

Permanent
Identifier:

http://data.fitzmuseum.cam.ac.uk/id/object/47462





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