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Title:

Patent of Nobility

Maker(s) &
Production:

, production, Granada

Collection:

Charles Brinsley Marlay

Category:

illuminated manuscript

Name:

other; type of text

Period:

early seventeenth century

Description:

PHYSICAL DESCRIPTION: Parchment, 70 fols. (fol. 70 pasted to lower cover), 310 x 210 mm (240 x 140 mm), 34 long lines, ruled in red ink

BINDING: Seventeenth century, gold-tooled dark blue morocco over wooden boards, edges gilt and gauffered, four pairs of pink silk ties, remains of a multi-coloured silk cord for a seal (no longer present), red silk guards attached to fols. 1v, 2r, 2v, 3v, 67v

CONTENTS: fols. 1v-68r Patent of Nobility issued by Philip III of Spain (1598-1621) to Lazaro de Yarza in Granada on 4 January 1608; fol. 69r Notarial certificate of publication at Cieza by Francisco Carcaelan, escrivan real y mayor, dated 20 January 1608.
DECORATION: Four full-page frontispieces: fol. 1v Arch-topped miniature of the Crucifixion with Lazaro de Yarza, his wife and two sons, depicted as boys, kneeling in prayer at the foot of the Cross, surrounded by a full border of painted foliate motifs and grotesques on gold ground, with the opening words DON PHELIPE written in gold on an architectural tablet; fol. 2r Crowned Virgin and Child standing on the moon against the sun’s rays in the upper compartment, framed on each side by strewn-flower borders with fruit, birds and insects, and above by a banderole with the text POR LA GRACIA DE DIOS written in gold on red background, and, in the lower compartment, Lazaro de Yarza in a tiled interior kneeling in prayer with his two sons, depicted as young men; fol. 2v Arch-topped miniature of St James the Moor-Slayer appearing in a vision to the Christian knights at the Battle of Clavijo, surrounded by a full border of painted foliate motifs and grotesques on gold ground, containing the monograms of Christ and Mary, with the words REY DE CASTILIA written in gold on an architectural tablet; fol. 3r Shield of arms, quarterly (1) azure, five fleurs-de-lis or, (2) barry of five, azure and gules, (3) or a tree proper on a mount vert with wolf rampant proper, (4) azure a tower under assault, and at base a stag couchant in a pool with an eagle tearing at its back, the whole within a bordure gules with 20 saltires or, with helm and mantling, surrounded by military trophies and a curved dark red banderole with the text DE LEON DE ARAGON written in gold.

Half-length portrait [13 ll.] of Philip III in armour, wearing the Collar of the Golden Fleece, his helm on a table beside him (fol. 67v).

Historiated initial [D, 9 lines] formed of gold foliage on red ground and housing a bust-length portrait of a young Franciscan in a grey habit holding a rosary (fol. 3v).

ORNAMENTATION: Gold foliate initials [9 ll.] on dark red grounds with gold highlighting for major text divisions; cadels.

Technique:

illumination; whole

Material(s):

parchment; support
gold; medium

Dimension(s):

height
width

Acquisition:

bequeathed; 1912; Marlay, Charles Brinsley

Provenance:

Lazaro de Yarza, 1608; ownership inscriptions including the names Diego de la Gurla and Molleda Escandon (fol. 1r); notes by a French bookseller pencilled inside upper cover; Charles Brinsley Marlay (1831–1912); his bequest, 1912.

Associated
Person(s):

Marlay, Charles Brinsley; previous owner
Gurla, Diego de la; previous owner
Escandon, Molleda; previous owner
Yarza, Lazaro de; previous owner

Notes:

The lavish illumination is characteristic of early seventeenth-century patents produced in Granada (cf. Madrid 2000, nos. 37, 38, 39). It is comparable to the decoration of Fitzwilliam Museum, MS 267, a carta ejecutoria issued in Granada in 1600

Inscription:

secundo folio; [empadron]ar ansienrrenta

Documentation:

Wormald & Giles. 1982. A descriptive catalogue of the additional illuminated manuscripts in the Fitzwilliam Museum.Cambridge (Cambs.): p. 78-79

Accession:

Object Number: MS Marlay 16
(Manuscripts and Printed Books)
(record id: 176668; input: 2010-05-26; modified: 2012-08-30)

Permanent
Identifier:

http://data.fitzmuseum.cam.ac.uk/id/object/176668





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