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Maker(s) &
Production:

Unknown, potter, Damascus

Production
Note:

The design is comparable to tiles in the Darwishiyya Mosque, Damascus (1571)

Category:

fritware (stonepaste)

Name(s):

tile panel
Islamic pottery; category
Iznik style; category

Date:

circa 1560 1600

School/Style:

Ottoman

Period:

16th century

Description:

fritware, mould made, painted in blue, green, turquoise and black under a colourless glaze
Shape: comprised of twenty three tiles (labelled A-W) that form a tile panel of five rows. All tiles are rectangular or square in shape with original edges slightly bevelled.
1st (upper) row = equal shape, roughly square tiles labelled A, B, C
2nd row = two large rectangular tiles (D, J) with smaller rectangular off cuts (P, R, S)
3rd row = two large rectangular tiles (H, G) with smaller rectangular off cut (N)
4th row = two large rectangular tiles (K, I) with one smaller rectangular off cut (M, O)
5th (lower) row = two large rectangular tiles (E, F) with four fragments, three of which are rectangular (L, Q, T, U, V) and one large chip (W).
Upper surface: all decoration is outlined in black. On the 1st row three tiles are painted with a frieze of arcading toped with palmettes containing split leaf arabesques that are reserved in blue and highlighted with green. This initial row may have been taken from a different context to the remaining rows. The remaining four rows contain tiles that are all decorated with a similar pattern comprising festooned manderolas linked by sinuous stems, both bordered with turquoise and containing floral sprays reserved in blue with green or turquoise. The surrounding area is filed with vine leaves, bunches of grapes and flowers including tulips painted in blue or green with turquoise highlights. On the bottom and the top row a palmette border is painted in blue and green, contained within two turquoise bands.
Lower surface: undecorated except for splashes of glaze and areas of plaster

Technique(s):

moulding; whole
painting underglaze; upper surface; blue, green, turquoise, with black outlines
glazing (coating); upper surface; colourless, cracked in places

Material(s):

fritware; whole
pigments; upper surface; blue, green, turquoise, with black outlines
glaze; decoration; colourless, cracked in places

Technique
Description:

pale buff frit body painted in blue, green and turquoise-blue, outlined in black, under a clear glaze

Dimension(s):

height, whole, 126.5, cm
width, whole, 59, cm
depth, whole, 2.5, cm, average

Acquisition:

given; 1928-06-04; The Friends of the Fitzwilliam Museum

Provenance:

Willaim Morris; Morris & Co.

Notes(s):

Ref. on Dawishiyya mosque (also known as Mosque of Darwish Pasha) see: http://www.discoverislamicart.org/database_item.php?id=monument;ISL;sy;Mon01;22;en http://archnet.org/library/sites/one-site.jsp?site_id=5543 Cf. images of near identical tile panel from the Mosque of Darwish Pasha see: http://archnet.org/library/images/one-image-large.jsp?location_id=7463&image_id=101687 Cf. similar tile panel in the Louvre see accession number MAO 689, accessible through: http://cartelen.louvre.fr/cartelen/visite?srv=car_not_frame&idNotice=22703&langue=en Cf. single tile in British Museum collection, Registration number: 1895,0603.134.a: http://www.britishmuseum.org/research/search_the_collection_database/search_object_details.aspx?objectid=238474&partid=1&searchText=Iznik+tiles%2c+Damascus&fromADBC=ad&toADBC=ad&numpages=10&images=on&orig=%2fresearch%2fsearch_the_collection_database.aspx¤tPage=3 Cf. similar single tiles in the Metropolitan Museum, New York, accession number 91.1.103 and 1970.14 see, for example: http://www.metmuseum.org/works_of_art/collection_database/islamic_art/tile/objectview.aspx?page=1&sort=6&sortdir=asc&keyword=Damascus&fp=1&dd1=14&dd2=0&vw=1&collID=14&OID=140001628&vT=1&hi=0&ov=0

Acquisition Credit:

given by the Friends of the Fitzwilliam Museum

Documentation:

, The Fitzwilliam Museum1929. Friends of the Fitzwilliam Museum, Twentieth Annual Report, 1928.Cambridge (Cambs.): p. pp. 1, 3
Publ. Illustrated, p. 1 (8), ill. on p. 3 (8), top right

Degeorge, GĂ©rard. Porter, Yves. 2002. The Art of the Islamic Tile.Colmar, Paris: Flammarion
Cf. p. 213, bottom, a panel of comparable design in the Darwishiyya mosque, Damascus (1571)

Porter, Venetia. 1995. Islamic Tiles.London: British Museum Pressp. 92-121
Ref. on Syrian and Turkish tiles

Robbins, D.. 2011. Leighton House Museum, Holland Park Road, Kensington.London: The Royal Borough of Kensington and Chelsea
Cf. identical patterns but slightly different colours in Leighton's Arab Hall see fig. 42. Ref. on Leighton House

Maury, Charlotte. 2008. Iznik, Ottoman ceramics and tiles.Valencia: Bancaja Foundation
Source Title: Three Empires of Islam: Istanbul, Isfahan, Delhi. Masterpieces of the Louvre Collection(2008)
p. 200-329
Cf. Syrian decorated with festooned mandorlas catalogue number 117 (p. 319). Ref. on Syrian Iznik types

Related Object:

C.22-1911

Parts(s):

C.4A-1928
C.4B-1928
C.4C-1928
C.4D-1928
C.4E-1928
C.4F-1928
C.4G-1928
C.4H-1928
C.4I-1928
C.4K-1928
C.4L-1928
C.4M-1928
C.4N-1928
C.4O-1928
C.4P-1928
C.4Q-1928
C.4R-1928
C.4S-1928
C.4T-1928
C.4U-1928
C.4V-1928
C.4W-1928

Accession:

Object Number: C.4-1928
(Applied Arts)
(record id: 17534; input: 2000-12-15; modified: 2012-12-06)

Permanent
Identifier:

http://data.fitzmuseum.cam.ac.uk/id/object/17534