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Leaf from a Gradual


Weert, Francis; scribe
Associates of the Master of Cardinal Wolsey; artists
; production


Charles Brinsley Marlay


illuminated manuscript


leaf (manuscript); sub-category
gradual; type of text


circa 1524


16th century


PHYSICAL DESCRIPTION: Parchment, leaf from a gradual with heavily trimmed margins, text block 305 x 215 mm, 9 lines of text ruled in faint brown ink and 9 four-line music staves ruled in red.

Original foliation xxiii on recto, 365 x 270 mm

CONTENTS: recto: End of Common of Saints for One Confessor, …[dulce]dinis posuisti in capite eius coronam de lapide precioso; verso Introit for the feast of the Annunciation, Rorate celi desuper.

DECORATION: Small framed miniature [3 ll.] with two-sided strewn-flower border: Annunciation, enlarged version of the lily vase with inscriptions Ave Maria and Ecce ancilla domini in border.

ORNAMENTATION: One-line initials formed of acanthus and branches against coloured and framed backgrounds introducing texts marked by the miniatures; alternate red and blue one-line initials with voided ornament; black ink one-line calligraphic capitals highlighted in red and incorporating grotesque profiles; capitals highlighted in red.

Place (legacy):

Brabant, production, region
Antwerp, place




parchment; support
gold; medium


height, page, 365, mm
width, page, 270, mm
height, text, 305, mm
width, text, 215, mm


bequeathed; 1912; Marlay, Charles Brinsley


Marcus Cruyt, Abbot of St Bernard’s at Hemiskem near Antwerp (1518 – 1536); Charles Brinsley Marlay (1831 – 1912); his bequest, 1912.


Marlay, Charles Brinsley; previous owner
Cruyt, Marcus; previous owner


Marlay cuttings Fl 1 – 4: Four leaves from a Gradual. These leaves are thought to have belonged to a Gradual made for Marcus Cruyt, ambassador of Emperor Charles V to Denmark and abbot of the Cistercian monastery of St Bernard’s at Hemiskem near Antwerp (1518 – 1536). The abbey’s chronicle records that Cruyt ordered the Gradual, together with three other manuscripts, around 1524 from the Louvain copyist Francis Weert. Other fragments from the Gradual survive in private collections in Germany and New York, and eight further leaves in Brussels (Bibl. Roy., MS II 3633: 1 – 8) contain Cruyt’s arms and motto Spes mea in domino. Two more leaves have been tentatively associated with Cruyt’s Gradual, Paris, Musée Marmottan, Wildenstein Collection, Inv. M 6322, and Cambridge, FM, MS 2-2006 (see the following entry). The illumination has been attributed to the circle of the Master of Cardinal Wolsey, a prominent artist in Antwerp in the 1520s. An associate of the Wolsey Master illuminated another of the four manuscripts known to have been commissioned by Marcus Cruyt in 1524 from Francis Weert, the Missal now in a private collection (Sotheby’s, London, 21 April 1998, lot 186; Los Angeles and London 2003 – 2004, no. 170).


The Cambridge Illuminations: Ten Centuries of Book Production in the Medieval West. 2005 - 2005
Organiser: Fitzwilliam Museum and Cambridge University Library
Venue: The Fitzwilliam Museum
Catalogue number: 62

The Splendours of Flanders. 1993 - 1993
Organiser: The Fitzwilliam Museum, Cambridge (Cambs.), UK
Venue: The Fitzwilliam Museum, Cambridge (Cambs.)
Catalogue number: 45

The Medieval Imagination: Illuminated Manuscripts from Cambridge, Australia and New Zealand. 2008 - 2008
Venue: State Library of Victoria
Catalogue number: 27


Wormald, Francis. Giles, Phyllis M.. 1982. A Descriptive Catalogue of the Additional Manuscripts in the Fitzwilliam Musuem Acquired between 1895-1979 (excluding the McClean Collection).England: Cambridge University Pressp. 96 - 7

Arnould, A.. Massing, Jean Michel. 1993. The Splendours of Flanders.Cambridge (Cambs.):
cat. no. 45

Binski, P.. Panayotova, Stella. 2005. The Cambridge Illuminations: Ten Centuries of Book Production in the Medieval West.London:

Stocks, B.. Morgan, Nigel. 2008. The Medieval Imagination: Illuminated Manuscripts from Cambridge, Australia and New Zealand.Melbourne (Australia):
cat. no. 27

Smeyers, M.. Stock, Jan van der. 1996. Flemish Illuminated Manuscripts 1475 - 1550.Ghent: p. 152


Object Number: Marlay cutting Fl. 1
(Manuscripts and Printed Books)
(record id: 170653; input: 2010-01-27; modified: 2015-12-10)


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