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Maker(s):

Calcutta; mint
Shuja al-Mulk (1803-9, 1839-42); ruler
East India Company; issuer
Victoria (1837-1901); ruler; Queen of Great Britain 1837-1901
Calcutta; mint

Collection:

Lester Watson Collection

Category:

medal

Name(s):

Ghuznee Medal; denomination
medals; Series
Military; subseries
Afghanistan; subsubseries
British Army; subsubsubseries

Date:

1839

Description:

The First Anglo-Afghan War was brought about, against a background of British desire to control this troublesome area on the Indian North-West Frontier, by the campaign of the exiled Shah Shujah al-Mulk, to oust his brother Mahmud from the Afghan throne (something which he had done in 1803 in order to succeed in the first place).
After an unsuccessful attempt in 1833 backed by the ruler of the Punjab, Shujah managed to add British support for a campaign of 1839 and was thereby restored, although he was assassinated almost as soon as the British left the country, provoking a return to conflict for which other medals were awarded.
The most difficult part of the campaign was the capture of the fortress in the mountain pass of Ghazni, and for participation in this battle Shah Shujah had a medal stuck at Calcutta. He was dead before it could be issued, but Queen Victoria and the East India Company allowed it to be awarded through the usual channels anyway.
This medal was awarded to Captain Lawrence Fyler of the 16th Lancers, whose medal group has come entire into the Watson Collection and shows a career spent in India and the East fighting for the Crown from the 1830s to the 1850s.
This medal is attached to two others and the catalogue of the Watson Collection considers it as part of Group 8 (this comprising two assemblages and two loose medals). For provenance of the group see those entries.

Production
Place (legacy):

Calcutta, mint, place

Technique:

struck

Material:

silver

Dimension:

diameter, 37.2, mm

Acquisition:

loan; 2005; Cambridge in America

Provenance:

Gift of L. Hoyt Watson; ex Lester Watson Collection. bt Seaby 1929. Left to James Fyler (nephew) on recipient's death 1873.

Inscription(s):

design; obverse; GHUZNEE; Fortress
design; reverse; Recipient's name above mural crown, with laurel branches around

Alternative
Number(s):

Watson Catalogue; 132
ordering; M-0396
previous object number; LW.0366d1

Documentation:

Hayward, John (author, C20th). Birch, Diana. Bishop, Richard. 2006. British Battles and Medals 7th edn.London: Spinkp. 209, 211-212

British and other Campaign and Gallantry Medals From the Collection of Lester Watson (d. 1959).
Ghuznee 1839: Capt. L. Fyler, 16th Lancers.

Accession:

Object Number: CM.1508-2009
(Coins and Medals)
(record id: 141607; input: 2007-03-27; modified: 2009-11-23)

Permanent
Identifier:

http://data.fitzmuseum.cam.ac.uk/id/object/141607



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