Wyon, Leonard Charles; artist; British medalist, 1826-1891
Poynter, Edward John; artist; British artist, 1836-1919
Victoria (1837-1901); ruler; Queen of Great Britain 1837-1901
Victoria regina; ruler; with the title of
Lester Watson Collection
Ashantee War Medal; denomination
British Army; subsubsubseries
The Ashanti Confederacy, which had occupied an area somewhat larger than modern Ghana since c. 1750, was a major opponent of British expansion in western Africa for the duration of the nineteenth century. A thirty-year peace agreed in 1831, which accorded the British control of most of what would become their Gold Coast colony, failed to prevent repeated border disputes and minor infractions across the Pra River.
Matters began to escalate in 1872, when the port of Elmina, which had been the first European settlement in West Africa and was the Confederacy's principal trading point with the European world, was transferred from the Dutch West India Company (who had captured it from Portugal in 1637) to the British coastal colony. King Kaofi Kalkali (usually spelt Coffee) of the Ashanti, who had previously effectively controlled the port, made things sufficiently difficult for its new rulers that in 1873 General Sir Garnet Wolseley, a veteran of the Crimea and the Indian Mutiny, was sent with a large force that in 1874 invaded Confederacy territory and sacked the capital, Kumase. Although they had to withdraw, African reinforcements for the British convinced King Kaofi to surrender. After this the British territory along the coast was expanded and formalised as the Gold Coast colony. Another war with the Ashanti Confederacy resulted in the deposition of its king and the installation of a British Governor in 1896, and further and final fighting in 1900.
This medal was awarded to Private J. Martin of the 2nd Battalion, Rifle Brigade, for his participation in the 1874 campaign, and the bar indicates his presence at the sack of Kumase. Lester Watson acquired the medal at some point before 1928.
London, mint, place
weight, 41.82, g
diameter, 36.5, mm
loan; 2005; Cambridge in America
Gift of L. Hoyt Watson; ex Lester Watson Collection, acquired before 1928
design; obverse; VICTORIA REGINA; Bust of Victoria facing left with veil
design; reverse; Scene of bush fighting around tree with fallen African to fore
Watson Catalogue; 378
previous object number; LW.0338
Hayward, John (author, C20th). Birch, Diana. Bishop, Richard. 2006. British Battles and Medals 7th edn.London: Spinkp. 312-314
British and other Campaign and Gallantry Medals From the Collection of Lester Watson (d. 1959).
Ashanti (1873-4) (Coomassie): 207, Pvt. J. Martin, 2nd Btn. Rifle Bgd.
Object Number: CM.1455-2009
(Coins and Medals)
(record id: 141549; input: 2007-03-27; modified: 2016-06-30)