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Title:

Orléans, twilight

Maker:

Turner, Joseph Mallord William; draughtsman; British artist, 1775-1851

Category:

drawing

Name:

drawing

Date:

circa 1826 1831

School/Style:

British

Technique:

watercolour

Material(s):

watercolour; medium
bodycolour; medium
red ink; medium
grey ink; medium
paper; support; blue

Technique
Description:

watercolour and bodycolour with pen, red and grey ink on blue paper

Dimension(s):

height, 140, mm
width, 195, mm

Acquisition:

given; 1861; Ruskin, John

Provenance:

Turner's dealer, Thomas Griffith, 1850 (?); Charles Stokes (d. 1853); Hannah Cooper, from whom purchased by John Ruskin, 10 February 1858 (50 guineas); after an exchange of 1854, his gift

Notes:

This is one of a series of finished drawings in bodycolour on blue paper of views along French rivers which Turner produced for Turner’s Annual Tour, published by Charles Heath in 1833, 1834 and 1835. The first volume, 'Wanderings by the Loire', consisted of 21 engravings after Turner’s work with descriptive texts. The second and third volumes, each with 20 plates, were entitled 'Wanderings by the Seine'. Ruskin acquired this watercolour from Hannah Cooper (Turner’s stockbroker’s niece) in May 1858. It is one of a group of ten drawings on blue paper which he acquired at this time, paying fifty guineas per design. He referred to the series communally as Turner’s ‘blue drawings’. The set of views of the Loire was, in fact, the first for which Turner made extensive use of a blue paper ground. The paper was manufactured only sometime after 1821 at a mill near Bath, and Turner’s willingness to use it reflects his enthusiasm for experimenting with new materials. This view was not chosen for engraving in the published volumes. (Text from 'Ruskin's Turners' Exhibition Website).

Exhibition(s):

Documentation:

Ruskin, John. Cook, E.T.. Wedderburn, Alexander. Works.p. 558, 603

Finberg, A. J.. 1909. A Complete Inventory of the Drawings of the Turner Bequest: with which are included the twenty-three drawings bequeathed by Henry Vaughan.London?: H.M.S.O.p. 758
II, under CCXLIX. 34

Cormack, Malcolm. 1975. J.M.W. Turner, R.A. 1775-1851; a catalogue of Drawings and Watercolours in the Fitzwilliam Museum, Cambridge.Cambridge (Cambs.): Cambridge University Pressp. 53-4
cat. no. 26, pl. 26 (black and white)

Wilton, Andrew. 1979. The Life and Work of J.M.W. Turner.London?:
no. 997

Warrell, Ian. 1997. Turner on the Loire.London?: p. 154, 224
fig. 150 'Orléans: twilight over the Place de Martroi'

Herrmann, Luke. 'A Riddle Resolved'.London?:
Source Title: Burlington Magazine CXII 811 (1970)
p. 696

Accession:

Object Number: 579
(Paintings, Drawings and Prints)
(record id: 13955; input: 2000-10-09; modified: 2010-03-25)

Permanent
Identifier:

http://data.fitzmuseum.cam.ac.uk/id/object/13955





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