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Title:

Richmond, Yorkshire

Maker:

Turner, Joseph Mallord William; draughtsman; British artist, 1775-1851

Category:

drawing

Name:

drawing

Date:

circa 1826 1828

School/Style:

British

Technique:

watercolour

Material(s):

watercolour; medium
graphite; medium
gum arabic; medium
paper; support

Technique
Description:

watercolour over graphite with gum arabic on paper

Dimension(s):

height, 280, mm
width, 400, mm

Acquisition:

given; 1861; Ruskin, John

Provenance:

B.G. Windus (?); J.J. Ruskin (?); John Ruskin

Notes:

Painted around 1826-28, this watercolour belongs to a series made for subsequent line engraving in Charles Heath’s ‘Picturesque Scenery in England and Wales’. The series of 96 plates was published in twenty-four parts between 1827 and 1838, usually in groups of four, issued three times each year. Unfortunately, Heath went bankrupt in 1838 and the plates and print stock were put up for auction the following year. Turner bought them before they were put on sale in order to keep them out of the ‘clutches’ of irresponsible print publishers. The view is thought to have been taken from the north-west of Swaledale, between Whitcliffe and High Gingerfield, and is based on a drawing made during a walking tour of the North Riding of Yorkshire in about 1816. It was engraved by James Tibbitts Willmore (1800-63) in 1828 and exhibited at the Egyptian hall in Piccadilly in 1829, along with thirty-four other drawings for the series; Ruskin himself made an outline engraving of it for his book 'Modern Painters', 18 (V, pl.61). Ruskin’s father, John James (1785-1864), may have owned this drawing originally, having acquired it from Benjamin Godfrey Windus (1790-1867), another important collector of Turner’s work. (Previous text from 'Ruskin's Turners' Exhibition Website). Engraved: J.T. Willmore, 1828, in 'Picturesque Scenery in England and Wales', and later reprints (repr. Tate Gallery, 1973-4, no. 212).

Exhibition(s):

Documentation:

Armstrong, Walter. 1902. Turner.London?: p. 273
II

Finberg, A. J.. 1909. A Complete Inventory of the Drawings of the Turner Bequest: with which are included the twenty-three drawings bequeathed by Henry Vaughan.London?: H.M.S.O.
under CXLVIII

Finberg, A. J.. 1910. Turner's Sketches and Drawings.London?: p. 102
as 'somewhat faded' (!)

Finberg, A. J.. 1961. The Life of J.M.W. Turner, R.A..Oxford: p. 488, 495
under nos. 327 and 402

Cormack, Malcolm. 1975. J.M.W. Turner, R.A. 1775-1851; a catalogue of Drawings and Watercolours in the Fitzwilliam Museum, Cambridge.Cambridge (Cambs.): Cambridge University Pressp. 51-3
cat. no. 25, pl. 25 (black and white)

Wilton, Andrew. 1979. The Life and Work of J.M.W. Turner.London?:
no. 808

Ruskin, John. 1878. Notes by Mr Ruskin on his drawings by the late J.M.W. Turner, R.A. Exhibited at the Fine Arts Society's Galleries, 1878.p. 30
under no. 27

Rawlinson, W. G.. 1908-13. The engraved work of J. M. W. Turner, R. A..London?: p. 90-1
I

Ruskin, John. Cook, E.T.. Wedderburn, Alexander. 1903-12. The Works of John Ruskin.London?:

Ruskin, John. Modern Painters, V.London:
engraved in outline by Ruskin, pl. 61 and details, pl. 62 and pt. VI, pp. 127-8, and XIII, pp. 558 and 603

Accession:

Object Number: 572
(Paintings, Drawings and Prints)
(record id: 13951; input: 2000-10-09; modified: 2010-03-25)

Related
Resource:

Ruskin's Turners - Virtual Exhibition

Permanent
Identifier:

http://data.fitzmuseum.cam.ac.uk/id/object/13951





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