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Title:

Hours

Maker(s):

Attavanti, Vante di Gabriello di Vante
Master of the Hamilton Xenophon; Italian scribe, act. ca.1480-1485
; production

Collection:

Viscount Fitzwilliam

Category:

illuminated manuscript

Name(s):

book of hours; type of text
use of Rome; liturgical use

Date:

circa 1480 circa 1490

Period:

fifteenth century, fourth quarter

Description:

PHYSICAL DESCRIPTION: Parchment, ii paper flyleaves + i modern parchment flyleaf + 195 fols. + i contemporary parchment flyleaf + ii paper flyleaves, 142 x 102 mm (67 x 47 mm), 12 long lines, ruled in red ink, catchwords.

BINDING: Nineteenth century, red velvet over wooden boards, edges gilt and gauffered.

CONTENTS:
fols. 1r-12v Calendar
fols. 14r-83v Hours of the Virgin
fols. 85r-99r Penitential Psalms
fols. 99r-109v Litany and prayers
fols. 111r-114v Short Hours of the Cross
fols. 115r -147r Hours of the Passion
fols. 147v-188v Office of the Dead
fols. 189r-194v Prayers to the Virgin, St Sebastian, and the Guardian Angel

DECORATION: Three full-page framed miniatures with four-sided floral borders containing putti, jewels, candelabra, and medallions with scenes or busts of prophets: fol. 13v Hours of the Virgin, Matins, Annunciation, with four-sided border containing medallions with the Sacred Monogram (lower border, centre), a leopard, two deer, busts of prophets and God the Father blessing (top border, centre); fol. 84v Penitential Psalms, David beheading Goliath, with four-sided border containing medallions with busts of prophets and the Sacred Monogram (top border, centre); fol. 110v Short Hours of the Cross, Crucifixion, with four-sided border containing medallions with Pelican in her piety (top border, centre) and busts of prophets, including Isaiah holding a scroll inscribed Vere lan[guores] (Is. 53:4).

Thirteen historiated initials formed of foliage, gems and precious stones on burnished gold ground, and accompanied by four-sided floral borders identical with those surrounding the full-page miniatures at major text divisions or by one-sided floral borders at lesser text divisions: fol. 14r Hours of the Virgin, Matins, [D, 8 ll.] Adoration of the Child, with four-sided border containing medallions with busts and the Sacred Monogram (lower border, centre); fol. 24r Lauds, [D, 5 ll.] Bust of a holy virgin, with one-sided floral border; fol. 45v Prime, [D, 4 ll.] Bust of a holy virgin, with one-sided floral border; fol. 51r Terce, [D, 4 ll.] Bust of a holy virgin, with one-sided floral border; fol. 55v Sext, [D, 5 ll.] Bust of a holy virgin, with one-sided floral border; fol. 58v None, [D, 5 ll.] Bust of a holy virgin, with one-sided floral border; fol. 62r Vespers, [D, 5 ll.] Bust of a holy virgin, with one-sided floral border; fol. 69v Compline, [D, 5 ll.] Bust of a holy virgin, with one-sided floral border; fol. 85r Penitential Psalms, [D, 8 ll.] David penitent in the wilderness, with four-sided border containing medallions with busts of prophets; fol. 111r Short Hours of the Cross, [D, 8 ll.] Lamentation, with four-sided border containing medallions with Sacred Monogram (top border, centre), busts of prophets and the Man of Sorrows (lower border, centre); fol. 115v Hours of the Passion, [D, 9 ll.] Flagellation, with four-sided border containing medallions with a cross (top border, centre), busts of prophets and bust of Christ (lower border, centre); fol. 147v Office of the Dead, Vespers, [D, 8 ll.] The three living and the three dead, including a nimbed hermit kneeling in prayer, with four-sided border containing medallions with crowned skulls, an altar with three crosses (top border, centre) and bust of a crowned skeleton with a scroll inscribed Memento mortis (lower border, centre); fol. 157r Office of the Dead, Matins, [V, 8 ll.] Bust of a crowned skeleton, with one-sided border.

ORNAMENTATION: Foliate initials [4 ll.] on burnished gold grounds with floral infill of liquid gold on blue or red grounds and one-sided floral borders; alternate gold and blue initials [2-3 ll.] with blue or red pen-flourished infill and marginal extensions; alternate gold and blue one-line initials with blue or red pen flourishing.

Production
Place (legacy):

Florence, production, place
Italy, region

Technique(s):

illumination; whole
penwork

Material(s):

parchment; support
gold; medium

Dimension(s):

height
width

Acquisition:

bequeathed; 1816; Fitzwilliam, Richard, 7th Viscount

Provenance:

Richard, seventh Viscount Fitzwilliam of Merrion (1745–1816), acquired in 1812; his bequest, 1816.

Associated
Person:

Fitzwilliam, Richard, 7th Viscount; previous owner

Inscription:

second folio; fol. 15r; Venite exultemus

Exhibition(s):

Documentation:

Woudhuysen, P.. 1982. Treasures of the Fitzwilliam Museum.Cambridge (Cambs.): Pevensey Press
cat no 104

James, Montague Rhodes, Dr. 1895. A Descriptive Catalogue of the Manuscripts in the Fitzwilliam Museum.Cambridge (Cambs.): Cambridge University Press
pp. 349-50, pl. XVIIb (fol. 13v)

D' Ancona, P.. 1914. La Miniatura Fiorentina secoli XI-XVI.Florence: p. 650
650

Wormald, Francis. Giles, Phyllis M.. 1966. Illuminated Manuscripts in the Fitzwilliam Museum: An Exhibition to Commemorate the 150th Anniversary of the Death of the Founder, Richard, 7th Viscount Fitzwilliam of Merrion.Cambridge (Cambs.):
cat. no. 98

Bollati, M.. 2004. Dizionario dei miniatori italiani.Milan: p. 666

Garzelli, A.. 1985. Miniatura fiorentina del Rinascimento 1440-1525: un primo censimento..Florence:
I, 161, 242, II, figs. 499 (fol. 147v), 839 (fols. 13v-14r), 843 (fol. 84v)

Morgan, Nigel. Panayotova, Stella. Reynolds, Suzanne. 2011. A Catalogue of Western Book Illumination in the Fitzwilliam Museum and the Cambridge Colleges. Part Two. Vols. 1-2: Italy and the Iberian Peninsula.London: Harvey Miller Publishers
cat. no. 154

Accession:

Object Number: MS 154
(Manuscripts and Printed Books)
(record id: 118711; input: 2005-05-31; modified: 2017-04-18)

Permanent
Identifier:

http://data.fitzmuseum.cam.ac.uk/id/object/118711





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