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Title:

A Game of Billiards

Maker(s) &
Production:

Unknown, maker, The Veneto, Venice

Collection:

Messel-Rosse Collection

Category:

fans

Name:

folding fan

Date:

circa 1740
This fan was originally dated to 1720-30 but the mantuas worn by the ladies would suggest the fan to be of slightly later date. The sticks and guards may be earlier.

School/Style:

Rococo

Period:

mid 18th Century

Description(s):

Folding fan with double paper leaf, painted in bodycolour and gilt. Sticks of pierced and carved ivory; guards of carved ivory, the head strengthened with mother-of-pearl (17+2). Fan depicts a game of billiards.
Folding fan with double paper leaf, painted in bodycolour and gilt. Sticks of pierced and carved ivory; guards of carved ivory, the head strengthened with mother-of-pearl (17+2). Rivet set with clear paste. Front: Ladies and gentlemen in an outdoor setting with an ornamental building in the background. On the left, a lady curtseys to a gentleman who holds her right hand; in the middle, a lady holding a basket of flowers observes a gentleman presenting a posy to a lady seated beside a billiard table; on the right, a lady and gentleman are playing billiards. The ladies are wearing ornate mantuas. The upper edge has a border of pink, maroon and turquoise compartments painted in colours and gold with chinoiserie landscapes with flowers, oriental flowers and a fence, shells, and sprays of foliage. On the left side and lower edge there are narrow maroon borders with gilt ornament. Back: in the middle, a lady and gentleman are seated in a landscape. She has a book of music on her knee, and he holds a cane in his left hand. The upper edge has a border of compartments decorated with gold ornament on red, green, maroon grounds. Sticks: in the middle, a lady and gentleman are seated within a shaped cartouche with a diapered ground, framed by scrolls, surmounted by a bowl of fruit, and flanked by scrolling floral sprays. The reverse is undecorated. Guards: carved in low relief on a hatched ground, a bust, a sunflower, a peacock perching on a flower, a gentleman playing a viol and a shell. The reverse is undecorated.

Technique(s):

piercing; sticks
carving; sticks and guards
setting (jewellery); rivet
painting; leaf; polychrome and gold

Material(s):

paper; leaf; double
ivory; sticks and guards
mother-of-pearl; guards
paste; rivet; clear
bodycolour; leaf; polychrome
gold; leaf

Technique
Description:

Folding fan with double paper leaf, painted in bodycolour and gilt. Sticks of pierced and carved ivory; guards of carved ivory, the head strengthened with mother-of-pearl (17+2). Rivet set with clear paste

Dimension(s):

length, guards, 29.6, cm
width, whole, 45.0, cm

Acquisition:

bought; 1985-01-28; Anne, Countess of Rosse

Provenance:

Colonel Leonard C. Messel (1872-1953); his daughter Anne, Countess of Rosse (1902-1992)

Associated
Person(s):

Messel, Leonard; owner
Anne, Countess of Rosse; owner

Acquisition Credit:

Purchased with a grant from the National Heritage Memorial Fund and a gift from the Friends of the Fitzwilliam Museum.

Alternative
Number:

old collection number; DR 27/356; Messel-Rosse Collection

Documentation:

Armstrong, Nancy. 1985. Fans from the Fitzwilliam. A Selection from the Messel-Rosse Collection.Cambridge (Cambs.): Fitzwilliam Museum Enterprises Ltdp. pl. 10
Publ.

Biedronskiej-Slotowej, Beaty. 2001. Wachlarze Zachodu i Wschodu w zbioracg Nyzeyn Narodowego w Krakowie. Fans of the Occident and Orient in the Collection of the National Museum in Cracow.Cracow: p. 66
Cf. A fan with comparable sticks and painted top border, but a mythological subject on the leaf, attributed to England or the Netherlands, c.1720-30.

Accession:

Object Number: M.1-1985
(Applied Arts)
(record id: 117587; input: 2004-12-07; modified: 2012-10-10)

Permanent
Identifier:

http://data.fitzmuseum.cam.ac.uk/id/object/117587





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